Table 3

Prevalence of Current Tobacco Use, by Sex, Region and Country, Medical Global Health Professions Student Survey 2005-2008

Current cigarette smokers

Current users of other tobacco products


Country

(Site)

Year

Total %

(95% CI)

Male %

(95% CI)

Female %

(95% CI)

P-Value

Total %

(95% CI)

Male %

(95% CI)

Female %

(95% CI)

P-Value


AFRICAN REGION(AFR)


Algeria

2007

9.0

(8.1 - 9.9)

23.7

(21.3 - 26.2)

3.0

(2.5 - 3.7)

0.0000

4.1

(3.6 - 4.7)

11.0

(9.5 - 12.8)

1.1

(0.8 - 1.5)

0.0000


Kenya

2008

9.8

(7.7 - 12.5)

10.9

(8.0 - 14.8)

8.7

(5.9 - 12.6)

0.3497

4.9

(3.5 - 7.0)

5.1

(3.2 - 8.1)

4.9

(2.9 - 8.1)

0.8937


Niger

2008

37.7

(33.9 - 41.7)

42.2

(37.9 - 46.7)

15.0

(9.6 - 22.8)

0.0000

27.7

(22.0 - 34.3)

41.9

(31.4 - 53.3)

18.6

(12.6 - 26.8)

0.0006


Uganda

2005

2.8

(1.8 - 4.2)

4.1

(2.7 - 6.3)

0.0

0.0000

0.7

(0.3 - 1.8)

1.1

(0.5 - 2.6)

0.0

0.0225


EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN REGION (EMR)


Egypt

2005

7.9

(5.7 - 10.7)

12.9

(9.9 - 16.5)

1.2

(0.5 - 3.0)

0.0000

7.4

(5.4 - 9.9)

11.9

(9.2 - 15.1)

1.4

(0.9 - 2.3)

0.0000


Gaza Strip/West Bank

2007

22.7

(19.7 - 26.0)

39.1

(33.8 - 44.6)

9.4

(6.8 - 12.8)

0.0000

12.3

(10.0 - 14.9)

24.1

(19.7 - 29.0)

2.4

(1.2 - 4.6)

0.0000


Iran

2007

5.6

(4.6 - 6.9)

11.6

(9.0 - 14.9)

2.8

(1.9 - 4.0)

0.0000

9.9

(8.5 - 11.6)

16.2

(13.0 - 19.9)

7.0

(5.5 - 8.8)

0.0000


Iraq

2005

17.5

(15.4 - 19.8)

20.4

(17.2 - 24.1)

15.1

(12.5 - 18.2)

0.0201

7.8

(6.4 - 9.5)

4.7

(3.2 - 6.9)

10.3

(8.1 - 13.0)

0.0003


Lebanon

2006

28.2

(25.1 - 31.4)

36.1

(31.8 - 40.7)

18.0

(14.4 - 22.3)

0.0000

21.8

(19.2 - 24.8)

21.7

(18.2 - 25.8)

21.9

(18.1 - 26.4)

0.9449


Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

2006

10.1

(9.1 - 11.2)

22.3

(20.1 - 24.6)

1.9

(1.4 - 2.7)

0.0000

8.3

(7.4 - 9.3)

15.3

(13.6 - 17.3)

3.6

(2.8 - 4.5)

0.0000


Saudi Arabia

2006

11.6

(9.2 - 14.6)

13.1

(10.0 - 16.9)

9.6

(6.2 - 14.8)

0.2156

12.8

(10.2 - 15.9)

13.9

(10.7 - 17.7)

11.3

(7.3 - 17.0)

0.3900


Sudan

2007

7.7

(6.3 - 9.4)

19.6

(15.9 - 23.9)

1.3

(0.8 - 2.3)

0.0000

3.1

(2.2 - 4.2)

8.0

(5.8 - 10.9)

0.4

(0.2 - 1.1)

0.0000


Syrian Arab Republic

2006

16.8

(16.2 - 17.5)

24.3

(23.3 - 25.3)

4.8

(4.2 - 5.5)

0.0000

23.6

(22.8 - 24.4)

30.6

(29.6 - 31.7)

12.1

(11.2 - 13.2)

0.0000


Tunisia

2007

9.9

(8.6 - 11.3)

26.5

(22.7 - 30.7)

4.1

(3.2 - 5.4)

0.0000

7.4

(6.3 - 8.7)

20.6

(17.2 - 24.5)

3.0

(2.2 - 4.1)

0.0000


EUROPEAN REGION (EUR)


Albania

2005

43.3

(40.7 - 45.9)

65.1

(59.8 - 69.9)

35.7

(32.8 - 38.7)

0.0043

1.5

(1.0 - 2.2)

3.1

(1.8 - 5.4)

1.0

(0.6 - 1.8)

0.3508


Armenia

2006

20.4

(16.1 - 25.4)

52.5

(41.7 - 63.0)

8.3

(5.2 - 13.1)

0.0000

3.1

(1.7 - 5.6)

9.5

(4.9 - 17.7)

0.7

(0.2 - 3.2)

0.0061


Bosnia & Herzegovina

2006

40.3

(39.2 - 41.5)

45.0

(43.0 - 47.0)

37.8

(36.4 - 39.2)

0.1689

8.7

(8.1 - 9.4)

10.9

(9.7 - 12.2)

7.5

(6.8 - 8.3)

0.0417


Croatia

2005

36.6

(34.1 - 39.2)

35.9

(31.5 - 40.4)

37.1

(34.1 - 40.3)

0.6480

10.7

(9.2 - 12.4)

20.2

(16.8 - 24.2)

6.3

(5.0 - 8.0)

0.0000


Czech Republic

2006

21.7

(19.5 - 24.0)

26.2

(21.9 - 30.9)

19.8

(17.2 - 22.5)

0.0158

7.4

(6.1 - 9.0)

11.1

(8.3 - 14.6)

5.8

(4.5 - 7.6)

0.0035


Kyrgyzstan

2008

36.6

(33.9 - 39.4)

50.0

(45.5 - 54.5)

27.9

(24.8 - 31.3)

0.0000

5.4

(4.2 - 6.8)

11.4

(8.8 - 14.5)

1.5

(0.8 - 2.6)

0.0000


Lithuania

2006

27.3

(23.5 - 31.4)

48.6

(39.7 - 57.7)

19.5

(15.8 - 23.8)

0.0000

15.1

(12.3 - 18.5)

33.2

(25.4 - 42.1)

8.2

(6.0 - 11.2)

0.0000


Russian Federation

2006

38.8

(37.6 - 39.9)

46.1

(44.2 - 48.1)

34.9

(33.5 - 36.2)

0.0000

10.9

(10.2 - 11.6)

19.3

(17.8 - 20.9)

6.5

(5.8 - 7.2)

0.0000


Serbia

2006

34.7

(33.2 - 36.2)

31.2

(28.7 - 33.8)

36.7

(34.9 - 38.6)

0.0007

18.0

(16.8 - 19.2)

17.7

(15.7 - 19.8)

18.4

(17.0 - 20.0)

0.5587


Slovakia

2006

30.4

(29.0 - 31.9)

36.5

(33.6 - 39.4)

27.9

(26.2 - 29.6)

0.0000

6.4

(5.7 - 7.2)

8.6

(7.1 - 10.5)

5.6

(4.8 - 6.5)

0.0017


Slovenia

2007

20.9

(17.3 - 25.0)

22.5

(15.9 - 30.8)

20.2

(16.0 - 25.1)

0.6020

5.6

(3.8 - 8.2)

14.3

(9.2 - 21.5)

2.0

(0.9 - 4.4)

0.0002


REGION OF THE AMERICAS (AMR)


Argentina

2005

35.5

(33.6 - 37.4)

33.4

(30.4 - 36.4)

36.5

(34.1 - 39.1)

0.1140

6.4

(5.4 - 7.4)

9.2

(7.5 - 11.3)

4.5

(3.5 - 5.7)

0.0000


Bolivia

2006

41.1

(35.3 - 47.2)

50.3

(43.9 - 56.7)

31.7

(24.9 - 39.4)

0.0017

10.6

(8.7 - 12.8)

14.3

(11.1 - 18.4)

6.7

(4.9 - 9.0)

0.0075


Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)

2006

16.9

(15.6 - 18.2)

19.5

(17.5 - 21.6)

14.6

(13.1 - 16.3)

0.0002

5.2

(4.5 - 6.0)

7.1

(5.9 - 8.5)

3.4

(2.7 - 4.3)

0.0000


Chile

2008

28.4

(27.1 - 29.6)

27.1

(25.5 - 28.9)

29.3

(27.5 - 31.3)

0.0878

7.6

(6.8 - 8.4)

9.3

(8.2 - 10.5)

5.5

(4.6 - 6.5)

0.0000


Costa Rica

2006

32.8

38.6

29.3

*

13.7

19.2

10.7

*


Cuba (Havana)

2008

29.5

(27.6 - 31.4)

41.1

(38.0 - 44.3)

21.2

(19.1 - 23.5)

0.0000

4.1

(3.4 - 5.0)

4.1

(3.1 - 5.5)

4.1

(3.2 - 5.3)

0.9874


Guatemala

2008

22.5

(19.8 - 25.4)

27.5

(23.4 - 32.1)

17.8

(14.6 - 21.6)

0.0007

13.5

(11.4 - 15.9)

17.4

(14.0 - 21.4)

10.3

(7.8 - 13.3)

0.0024


Jamaica

2008

6.7

(4.3 - 10.3)

12.5

(7.1 - 21.2)

4.2

(2.1 - 8.0)

0.0286

3.8

(2.1 - 6.7)

12.5

(7.1 - 21.2)

0.0

0.0005


Mexico

2006

35.3

(29.8 - 41.3)

41.3

(36.0 - 46.8)

30.8

(24.7 - 37.6)

0.0010

4.5

(3.3 - 6.3)

6.3

(4.5 - 8.8)

2.7

(2.0 - 3.8)

0.0027


Panama

2008

11.1

(9.6 - 12.9)

11.2

(8.7 - 14.1)

11.1

(9.2 - 13.5)

0.9956

2.9

(2.1 - 3.9)

3.6

(2.3 - 5.6)

1.9

(1.1 - 3.1)

0.0578


Paraguay

2008

22.3

(20.9 - 23.8)

25.3

(23.2 - 27.7)

19.9

(18.1 - 21.8)

0.0003

6.8

(6.0 - 7.7)

8.3

(7.0 - 9.8)

5.6

(4.6 - 6.8)

0.0029


Peru

2006

32.7

(28.5 - 37.3)

43.5

(36.2 - 51.1)

22.2

(16.7 - 28.8)

0.0007

6.4

(3.4 - 11.8)

9.0

(5.2 - 14.9)

3.6

(1.4 - 9.1)

0.0003


Uruguay

2008

32.3

(31.2 - 33.3)

31.3

(29.5 - 33.2)

32.4

(31.2 - 33.7)

0.3222

5.8

(5.3 - 6.3)

12.5

(11.3 - 13.9)

2.6

(2.2 - 3.0)

0.0000


SOUTH-EAST ASIA REGION (SEAR)


Bangladesh

2006

27.2

(20.8 - 34.8)

46.5

(37.6 - 55.6)

4.4

(1.2 - 14.1)

0.0000

11.9

(4.3 - 28.7)

13.3

(3.7 - 38.2)

9.9

(4.6 - 20.0)

0.5038


India

2005

11.6

(8.8 - 15.2)

17.7

(14.5 - 21.3)

2.0

(0.9 - 4.2)

0.0000

5.4

(3.5 - 8.3)

7.5

(5.2 - 10.6)

2.2

(0.8 - 6.4)

0.0028


Indonesia

2006

8.6

(5.4 - 13.5)

19.8

(12.5 - 29.7)

2.3

(1.2 - 4.5)

0.0024

0.9

(0.4 - 2.2)

2.2

(0.9 - 5.0)

0.1

(0.0 - 1.1)

0.0274


Myanmar

2006

12.4

(11.7 - 13.1)

24.7

(23.5 - 26.1)

1.2

(0.9 - 1.6)

0.0000

11.0

(10.3 - 11.6)

19.8

(18.6 - 21.0)

2.7

(2.3 - 3.2)

0.0000


Nepal

2005

23.5

(9.1 - 48.5)

34.5

(13.1 - 64.7)

4.0

(1.2 - 12.5)

0.0372

14.4

(6.7 - 28.1)

19.3

(6.8 - 43.6)

5.4

(1.0 - 23.9)

0.1694


Sri Lanka

2006

4.1

(3.4 - 5.0)

8.6

(7.0 - 10.7)

1.1

(0.7 - 1.8)

0.0000

3.6

(2.9 - 4.4)

6.8

(5.4 - 8.6)

1.4

(0.9 - 2.1)

0.0000


Thailand

2006

2.1

(1.6 - 2.9)

1.0

(0.5 - 2.1)

3.0

(2.1 - 4.3)

0.0029

1.7

(1.1 - 2.5)

2.3

(1.4 - 3.9)

0.9

(0.5 - 1.7)

0.0443


WESTERN PACIFIC REGION (WPR)


Cambodia

2005

6.4

(4.1 - 9.7)

9.2

(6.0 - 13.9)

0.0

0.0000

3.6

(2.0 - 6.4)

5.3

(3.0 - 9.2)

0.0

0.0007


South Korea

2006

16.0

(12.0 - 21.1)

22.5

(18.1 - 27.5)

3.5

(1.6 - 7.2)

0.0000

4.8

(3.0 - 7.4)

6.9

(4.7 - 10.0)

1.0

(0.5 - 2.1)

0.0001


Viet Nam

2007

11.2

(10.6 - 11.7)

20.8

(19.7 - 21.9)

2.6

(2.3 - 3.0)

0.0000

3.3

(3.0 - 3.6)

5.0

(4.4 - 5.6)

1.7

(1.4 - 2.0)

0.0000


* Census and 100% school, class and student response rates

Warren et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:72   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-72

Open Data