Table 2

Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI's) for the relationship between individual-level, interpersonal and sex work environment factors and homelessness among street-based FSWs in Vancouver

Characteristic

Unadjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)

Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)


Individual Sociodemographic Factors

Age

0.94 (0.92-0.97)

0.95 (0.93-0.98)

Aboriginal† (vs. non-aboriginal)

1.14 (0.73-1.76)

Education

Less than high school completion

Reference

High school graduate†

1.32 (0.55-3.15)

Education, any college/university†

1.70 (0.62-4.64)

Drug Use Patterns

Cocaine Injection*†

1.17 (0.80-1.69)

Heroin Injection*

1.49 (1.03-2.15)

1.16 (0.76-1.79)

Crystal methamphetamine use *

2.21 (1.26-3.87)

1.57 (0.91-2.71)

Intensive, Daily Crack Cocaine Smoking*

1.65 (1.19-2.30)

1.65 (1.11-2.45)

Social/Interpersonal Factors

Receptive sharing of used syringe/pipe†

0.32 (0.02-0.66)

Number of clients per week (10+)*

1.69 (1.12-2.54)

1.68 (1.05-2.69)

Consistent condom use by clients*†

1.01 (0.62-1.65)

Physical/sexual violence by client *†

1.13 (0.72-1.79)

Physical violence by intimate partner*†

1.34 (0.93-1.93)

Sexual violence by intimate partner *

1.99 (1.03-3.83)

2.14 (1.06-4.35)

Physical Work Environment Factors

Primarily solicits clients on main streets/commercial areas*†

1.18 (0.77-1.80)

Primarily services clients in outdoor public spaces (streets, alleys, parks)*

1.81 (1.29-2.54)

1.52 (1.00-2.31)


* = last 6 months

†Variable not entered into logistic model.

Duff et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:643   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-643

Open Data