Table 1

Sample characteristics for individual, interpersonal and sex work environment factors among homeless and housed street-based FSWs

Characteristic

Absolute Homeless FSWs (last 18 months)

43.32 (%) n = 107

Housed FSWs (last 18 months)

56.68 (%) n = 140

p - value


Individual Sociodemographic Factors

Age (years, Interquartile range)

27 [ IQR1:23-37]

38 [IQR: 32-42]

< .001

Ethnicity

Caucasian

54 (50.94)

82 (58.99)

Aboriginal

52 (49.06)

57 (41.01)

0.571

Education

Less than high school

75 (42.61)

101 (57.39)

High School Graduate

22 (48.89)

23 (51.11)

0.967

College/University

9 (36.00)

16 (64.00)

0.292

Drug Use Patterns

Cocaine injection *

35 (44.30)

44 (55.70)

0.042

Heroin injection*

59 (49.17)

61 (50.83)

0.033

Crystal methamphetamine*

22 (68.75)

10 (31.25)

0.005

Intensive, daily crack cocaine smoking)*

47 (48.45)

50 (51.55)

0.003

Interpersonal Factors

Receptive sharing of used syringes/pipes*

75 (75.00)

60 (60.00)

0.064

Number of clients per week (10+)

40 (49.38)

41 (50.62)

0.012

Consistent condom use by clients*

16 (55.17)

13 (44.83)

0.957

Physical/sexual violence by client*

25 (47.17)

28 (52.83)

0.596

Physical violence by an intimate partner*

31 (47.69)

34 (52.31)

0.119

Sexual violence by an intimate partner*

5 (45.45)

6(54.55)

0.039

Physical Work Environment Factors

Primarily solicits clients on main streets/commercial areas*

27 (81.82)

6 (18.18)

0.453

Primarily services clients in outdoor public spaces (streets, alleys, parks)*

43 (84.31)

8 (15.69)

0.103


1 IQR = interquartile range

* = last 6 months.

Duff et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:643   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-643

Open Data