Table 2

Relationship of selected socio-economic factors with overweight and underweight in 2000 and 2005

Adjusted OR (95% CI)


2000

2005

N

Underweight

Overweight

N

Underweight

Overweight


Age group

25-34

5,024

1.00

1.00

4,335

1.00

1.00

35-44

5,147

0.95 (0.85-1.07)

1.56 (1.11-2.18)*

4,354

0.85 (0.74-0.97)*

1.95 (1.48-2.57)*

45-54

2,780

1.15 (1.00-1.31)*

2.26 (1.62-3.15)*

4,325

1.10 (0.95-1.27)

2.79 (2.16-3.61)*

55-64

1,501

1.65 (1.38-1.97)*

1.5 (0.92-2.34)

4,199

1.34 (1.15-1.56)*

2.66 (1.99-3.56)*

Gender

Male

7,044

1.00

1.00

8483

1.00

1.00

Female

7,408

1.46 (1.31-1.63)*

2.03 (1.64-2.52)*

8730

1.16 (1.03-1.31)*

1.53(1.29-1.83)*

Area of residence

Rural

10,616

1.00

1.00

13,145

1.00

1.00

Urban

3,836

0.76 (0.63-0.92)*

2.39 (1.79-3.19)*

4,068

0.80 (0.64-0.99)*

2.08 (1.60-2.72)*

Education level

Illiterate

1,239

1.00

1.00

1,675

1.00

1.00

Literate

2,675

1.13 (0.88-1.44)

1.29 (0.82-2.05)

3,139

1.24 (0.93-1.64)

0.73 (0.53-1.01)

Primary school

4,175

1.27 (0.99-1.64)

0.81 (0.5-1.31)

3,151

1.38 (1.03-1.87)*

0.68 (0.45-1.00)

Secondary school

3,920

1.43 (1.07-1.91)*

0.6 (0.37-0.97)*

5,783

1.36 (1.01-1.84)*

0.59 (0.41-0.85)*

High school

1,582

1.62 (1.17-2.26)*

0.69 (0.42-1.13)

2,017

1.30 (0.93-1.81)

0.70 (0.47-1.04)

Higher education

809

1.28 (0.88-1.88)

0.44 (0.25-0.79)*

447

1.07 (0.63-1.08)

0.90 (0.55-1.49)

Food expenditure

Level 1

2,895

1.00

1.00

2,987

1.00

1.00

Level 2

2,889

1.00 (0.86-1.16)

1.72 (1.06-2.80)*

2,936

0.82 (0.69-0.98)*

1.49 (1.01-2.19)*

Level 3

2,892

0.82 (0.69-0.97)*

2.45 (1.58-3.79)*

2,946

0.75 (0.62-0.89)*

2.09 (1.41-3.11)*

Level 4

2,876

0.75 (0.63-0.89)*

2.94 (1.87-4.62)*

2,943

0.71 (0.59-0.85)*

3.00 (1.98-4.53)*

Level 5

2,890

0.64 (0.54-0.76)*

4.74 (2.95-7.61)*

2,947

0.55 (0.44-0.69)*

3.49 (2.32-5.24)*


OR: odds ratio; CI: Confidence interval

* Significant at p < 0.001.

Ha et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:62   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-62

Open Data