Table 1

Population, number and HIV prevalence, ART coverage, and establishment of national policy for public provision of ART (year), % of male deaths, HIV mortality rate ratios in men compared to women 1996-2007

Country

Country population

2009 (in thousands)

Number of persons living with HIV:

Total/females

2001/2009

15-49 years old estimated HIV prevalence (%)

2001/2009

Estimated ART coverage (%) 2004**

Year of National ART Policy

% male deaths

Male-female HIV mortality rate ratio ***

95% confidence interval


Argentina

40,666

110000/36000

0.4/0.5

88

19971

74.0%

2.8 (2.7-2.9)


Brazil

195424

NA

[0.3-0.5]/[0.3-0.6]¥

[70-95] ¥

19962

70.1%

2.3 (2.3-2.4)


Chile

17134

40000/12000

0.3/0.4

72

20013

87.45%

6.9 (6.3-7.6)


Colombia

46299

160000/50000

0.8/0.5

20

19994

81.1%

4.3 (4.1-4.4)


Costa Rica

4641

9800/2800

0.2/0.3

95

19975

84.8%

5.6 (4.8-6.4)


Ecuador

13772

37000/11000

0.5/0.4

10

20036

82.6%

4.7 (4.4-5.1)


El Salvador

6193

34000/11000

0.8/0.8

23

20047

72.3%

2.6 (2.4-2.8)


Mexico

110647

220000/59000

0.3/0.3

46

20038

83.8%

5.2 (5.0-5.3)


Panama

3507

20000/6300

1.4/0.9

25

20019

75.0%

3.0 (2.8-3.2)


Uruguay

3373

9900/3100

0.4/0.5

95

199710

76.4%

3.2 (2.8-3.8)


Venezuela

29044

NA

NA

NA

199911

81.7%

4.5 (4.3-4.7)


Source column #1: UN Population projections. Source columns #3, 4 and 5: UNAIDS. Report on the global AIDS epidemic 2010, Geneva, 2010

* Data unavailable for: Panama for 2005; Uruguay for 2002.

ART: antiretroviral therapy

IRR = Incidence rate ratio

** ART coverage using as numerator persons reported on treatment at end of reporting year and denominator the estimated treatment need criteria CD4 < 200.

1. National UNGASS report-Argentina, 2008

2. National UNGASS report -Brasil, 2008

3. National UNGASS report -Chile, 2008

4. OPS/ORAS/ONUSIDA Análisis de la situación de VIH en la subregión andina, 2003-2008, March 2007.

5. National UNGASS report -Costa Rica, 2008

6. National UNGASS report -Ecuador, 2008

7. National UNGASS report -El Salvador, 2008

8. National UNGASS report -México, 2008

9. National UNGASS report -Panamá, 2008

10. Ministerio de Salud Publica. Resolution Nª171/1997, that includes universal access to ARV drugs to all AIDS patients. Uruguay 1997

11. PAHO. Legislation and milestones on access to treatment in Latin America and the Caribbean. Pan American Health Organization. August 2003. Last accessed 30/1/2010. Available at http://www.paho.org/Spanish/AD/FCH/AI/acceso-arv-06.doc webcite

*** Ratios adjusted for age groups and over time for the study period, p < 0.000 for all rate ratios.

NA: Not available

¥: point estimate unavailable for Brazil, modelled uncertainty interval provided

Alonso Gonzalez et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:605   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-605

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