Table 1

Phased, evaluated development plan for intervention to reduce child exposure to tobacco smoke



I. Program development

Systematic review of the professional literature (with meta-analysis)

Comprehensive search for intervention materials available online,

Consultation with experts

Creation of initial version of website

Development of research instruments (questionnaires and Interview Guides

Focus groups and in-depth interviews with parents about attitudes and practices regarding child tobacco smoke exposure

Qualitative evaluation

Focus groups with parents on measurement of exposure

Qualitative evaluation

Design workshops to get feedback from parents on all elements of program.

Qualitative evaluation

II. Pilot

Pilot all elements of intervention and research materials on 5-10 groups of 10 parents each.

Qualitative and quantitative evaluation

III. Cluster randomized RCT

Randomize 18 clinics to early or late intervention, with 30 participants per clinic.

Quantitative evaluation of primary and secondary endpoints, qualitative and quantitative process evaluation.

Rosen et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:508   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-508

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