Table 2

Characteristics of the subjects according to social capital and mortality rate: the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study (AGES), Aichi, Japan, 2003-2008

Man

Woman

N

Incidence/person-year

Incidence rate (95% CI) (1000 person-years)

N

Incidence/person-year

Incidence rate (95% CI) (1000 person-years)


General trust

Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or you cannot be too careful in dealing with people?

Yes (High SC)

2121

252/9007

28.0 (24.7-31.7)

1448

86/6290

13.7 (11.1-16.9)

Depends

3667

422/15577

27.1 (24.6-29.8)

4480

287/19452

14.8 (13.1-16.6)

No (Low SC)

545

80/2274

35.2 (28.3-43.8)

667

31/2937

10.6 (7.4-15.0)

Missing

175

36/713

50.5 (36.4-70.0)

207

20/882

22.7 (14.6-35.1)

Would you say that most of the time people try to be helpful or that they are mostly looking out for themselves?

Yes (High SC)

1954

227/8291

27.4 (24.0-31.2)

1791

95/7817

12.2 (9.9-14.9)

Depends

3710

412/15796

26.1 (23.7-28.7)

4104

254/17826

14.2 (12.6-16.1)

No (Low SC)

645

106/2675

39.6 (32.8-47.9)

637

50/2760

18.1 (13.7-23.9)

Missing

199

45/810

55.5 (41.5-74.4)

270

25/1159

21.6 (14.6-31.9)

Do you think that most people would try to take advantage of you if they got the chance, or would they try to be fair?

Yes (Low SC)

797

101/3377

29.9 (24.6-36.4)

616

40/2689

14.9 (10.9-20.3)

Depends

3418

378/14536

26.0 (23.5-28.8)

3558

210/15475

13.6 (11.9-15.5)

No (High SC)

2093

263/8847

29.7 (26.3-33.5)

2318

143/10073

14.2 (12.1-16.7)

Missing

200

48/812

59.1 (44.5-78.4)

310

31/1323

23.4 (16.5-33.3)

Social support

Do you have someone who listens to your concerns and complaints?

Yes (High SC)

5267

605/22392

27.0 (24.9-29.3)

5995

360/26087

13.8 (12.4-15.3)

No (Low SC)

878

122/3671

33.2 (27.8-39.7)

424

34/1819

18.7 (13.4-26.2)

Missing

363

63/1508

41.8 (32.6-53.5)

383

30/1655

18.1 (12.7-25.9)

Do you have someone who looks after you when you are sick and stay in bed for a few days?

Yes (High SC)

5967

713/25308

28.2 (26.2-30.3)

5988

372/26045

14.3 (12.9-15.8)

No (Low SC)

258

29/1081

26.8 (18.6-38.6)

485

23/2112

10.9 (7.2-16.4)

Missing

283

48/1182

40.6 (30.6-53.9)

329

29/1404

20.6 (14.3-29.7)

Do you have someone who acknowledges your existence and value?

Yes (High SC)

5705

664/24243

27.4 (25.4-29.6)

5849

357/25440

14.0 (12.7-15.6)

No (Low SC)

433

65/1798

36.2 (28.4-46.1)

379

30/1628

18.4 (12.9-26.3)

Missing

370

61/1532

39.8 (31.0-51.2)

574

37/2492

14.8 (10.8-20.5)

Generalised reciprocity

Do you listen to someone's concerns and complaints?

Yes (High SC)

4945

522/21122

24.7 (22.7-26.9)

5348

282/23326

12.1 (10.8-13.6)

No (Low SC)

1153

197/4748

41.5 (36.1-47.7)

941

107/4000

26.8 (22.1-32.3)

Missing

410

71/1701

41.7 (33.1-52.7)

513

35/2235

15.7 (11.2-21.8)

Do you look after someone when he/she is sick and stays in bed for a few days?

Yes (High SC)

5690

651/24190

26.9 (24.9-29.1)

5785

324/25209

12.9 (11.5-14.3)

No (Low SC)

461

78/1901

41.0 (32.9-51.2)

526

53/2242

23.6 (18.1-30.9)

Missing

357

61/1481

41.2 (32.0-52.9)

491

47/2109

22.3 (16.7-29.7)

Social network

Political group participation

Yes (High SC)

665

72/2848

25.3 (20.1-31.9)

287

13/1250

10.4 (6.0-17.9)

No (Low SC)

5230

605/22171

27.3 (25.2-29.6)

5622

347/24445

14.2 (12.8-15.8)

Missing

613

113/2553

44.3 (36.8-53.2)

893

64/3866

16.6 (13.0-21.2)

Industry group participation

Yes (High SC)

952

108/4059

26.6 (22.0-32.1)

293

6/1304

4.6 (2.1-10.2)

No (Low SC)

4869

556/20653

26.9 (24.8-29.3)

5510

349/23929

14.6 (13.1-16.2)

Missing

687

126/2860

44.1 (37.0-52.5)

999

69/4327

15.9 (12.6-20.2)

Volunteer group participation

Yes (High SC)

642

45/2796

16.1 (12.0-21.6)

574

22/2522

8.7 (5.7-13.2)

No (Low SC)

5122

613/21678

28.3 (26.1-30.6)

5255

331/22829

14.5 (13.0-16.1)

Missing

744

132/3097

42.6 (35.9-50.5)

973

71/4210

16.9 (13.4-21.3)

Citizen group participation

Yes (High SC)

245

28/1044

26.8 (18.5-38.8)

309

10/1368

7.3 (3.9-13.6)

No (Low SC)

5465

622/23202

26.8 (24.8-29.0)

5470

346/23752

14.6 (13.1-16.2)

Missing

798

140/3326

42.1 (35.7-49.7)

1023

68/4441

15.3 (12.1-19.4)

Religious group participation

Yes (High SC)

738

81/3152

25.7 (20.7-31.9)

698

38/3031

12.5 (9.1-17.2)

No (Low SC)

5021

580/21288

27.2 (25.1-29.6)

5151

319/22391

14.2 (12.8-15.9)

Missing

749

129/3131

41.2 (34.7-49.0)

953

67/4139

16.2 (12.7-20.6)

Sports group participation

Yes (High SC)

1282

87/5602

15.5 (12.6-19.2)

1152

36/5074

7.1 (5.1-9.8)

No (Low SC)

4458

564/18776

30.0 (27.7-32.6)

4642

319/20118

15.9 (14.2-17.7)

Missing

768

139/3193

43.5 (36.9-51.4)

1008

69/4369

15.8 (12.5-20.0)

Neighborhood group participation

Yes (High SC)

3445

384/14716

26.1 (23.6-28.8)

3583

199/15657

12.7 (11.1-14.6)

No (Low SC)

2531

308/10650

28.9 (25.9-32.3)

2557

170/11058

15.4 (13.2-17.9)

Missing

532

98/2206

44.4 (36.4-54.1)

662

55/2846

19.3 (14.8-25.2)

Avocation group participation

Yes (High SC)

1592

126/6882

18.3 (15.4-21.8)

2054

75/9046

8.3 (6.6-10.4)

No (Low SC)

4192

533/17671

30.2 (27.7-32.8)

3819

285/16483

17.3 (15.4-19.4)

Missing

724

131/3019

43.4 (36.6-51.5)

929

64/4032

15.9 (12.4-20.3)

How often do you meet your friend?

Once or more/month

4360

448/18691

24.0 (21.8-26.3)

5301

296/23134

12.8 (11.4-14.3)

Several times/year

1077

145/4513

32.1 (27.3-37.8)

610

31/2654

11.7 (8.2-16.6)

Rarely

752

141/3054

46.2 (39.1-54.5)

529

59/2231

26.4 (20.5-34.1)

Having no friends

151

24/620

38.7 (25.9-57.7)

125

22/508

43.3 (28.5-65.8)

Missing

168

32/694

46.1 (32.6-65.2)

237

16/1034

15.5 (9.5-25.3)

Total

6508

790/27572

28.7 (26.7-30.7)

6802

424/29561

14.3 (13.0-15.8)


Aida et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:499   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-499

Open Data