Table 1

Comparisons of Counties with and without Dedicated Local Public Health Tax Levy

Dedicated Local Public Health Tax Levy


With a tax (n = 338)

Without a tax (n = 382)

t-value

Pr > t*

Demographic/socioeconomic

Mean total population

53,454

65,670

0.77

0.4389

Percent net migration (net migrants/total population)

1.32

0.71

-1.14

0.2531

Population aged >65 years (%)

14.5

14.25

-1.13

0.2568

Population aged <18 years (%)

23.94

24.34

2.21

0.0272

Non-whites of total population (%)

9.69

22.22

9.83

<.0001

Per capita Income ($)

23,920

23,485

-1.32

0.1874

Household income ($)

35,297

33,026

-3.71

0.0002

Poverty (%)

16.29

17.88

3.68

0.0002

Percent rurality (rural population/total population) §

63.29

66.71

1.67

0.0951

Medicaid eligible (%)

24.07

27.7

5.87

<.0001

Physicians (total licensed MD or DO/1,000 total population)

1.1

1.18

0.99

0.3218

Unemployment (%)

6.37

6.53

1.37

0.1714

Uninsured§ (%)

13.94

15.57

5.69

<.0001

Total population mortality (per 100,000 population)

Age-adjusted mortality

939.74

972.83

3.88

0.0001

Years of potential life lost (before age 75)

8,828.90

9,902.10

7.13

<.0001

Major disease mortality (age-adjusted/100,000 population)

Heart disease

261.14

276.98

4.21

<.0001

Cardiovascular disease (CVD)

339.45

363.75

5.91

<.0001

Cerebrovascular disease (Stroke)

56.31

63.01

5.76

<.0001

Chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD)

52.79

51.29

-1.22

0.2222

Diabetes

29.07

29.42

0.36

0.7161

Pneumonia/influenza

25.74

27.45

2.05

0.0410

Cancer mortality and incidence (age-adjusted/100,000 population)

All types of cancer mortality

218.34

214.29

-1.95

0.0518

Lung and bronchus cancer mortality

70.42

68.61

-1.50

0.1336

All types of cancer incidence

482.3

441.2

-10.23

<.0001

Lung and bronchus cancer incidence

88.78

80.18

-6.37

<.0001

Colorectal cancer incidence

58.46

53.4

-6.14

<.0001

Female breast cancer incidence

116.34

108.04

-5.28

<.0001

Prostate cancer incidence

141.84

141.04

-0.28

0.7823

Trauma/accidents (age-adjusted/100,000 population)

Unintentional injury mortality

58.93

60.43

1.07

0.2857


* P-value < 0.05 indicating statistically significant

§ 2000 year data only

Honoré et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:471   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-471

Open Data