Table 3

Association of pesticide poisoning with safety knowledge, application methods and personal protection behaviors

Response

n

Acute Pesticide poisoning (%)

P value*


Safety knowledge

Received instruction

Yes

479

5.4

< 0.001

No

429

12.4

Application methods

Alternate row spraying

Yes

137

5.8

0.181

No

769

9.4

Backward application

Yes

492

7.5

0.130

No

414

10.4

Down-wind application

Yes

653

8.0

0.140

No

253

11.1

Behaviors

Read label

Yes

533

7.9

0.243

No

376

10.1

Prepare pesticides without gloves

Yes

798

8.8

0.673

No

106

7.6

Use protective appliances

Yes

709

7.5

0.010

No

195

13.3

Smoking/eating when applying

Yes

53

15.1

0.098

No

853

8.4

Wipe sweat with hand(s)

Yes

336

12.2

0.006

No

570

6.8

Equipment leakage

Yes

378

13.2

< 0.001

No

528

5.7

Avoid body pollution by pesticide

Yes

384

3.4

< 0.001

No

521

12.7

Work when sick

Yes

241

17.0

< 0.001

No

647

5.9

Bath after work

Yes

846

8.9

0.280**

No

12

0.0


† n is less than 910 because of missing data.

* χ2 statistical test of difference in pesticide poisoning %

** Fisher's exact test

Zhang et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:429   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-429

Open Data