Table 3

Results of the logistic regression analyses of mobile FSWs experience of physical violence or sexual violence (among those who experienced violence) and reproductive health and HIV risks (n = 1,676)

Dependent variables

Experienced physical violence

Experienced sexual violence (with/without physical violence)

OR1,a (95% CI)

Adjusted OR2,a (95%CI)


    Reproductive health risks


    FSWs who reported:

≤4 pregnancies

Yes

18.9

15.1

0.8 (0.6-0.9)*

0.9 (0.7-1.3)

No

81.1

84.9

Referent

Referent

Any pregnancy loss

Yes

33.1

29.9

0.9 (0.7-1.0)

0.9 (0.7-1.1)

No

66.9

70.1

Referent

Referent

Any forced termination of pregnancy

Yes

24.3

23.1

0.9 (0.7-1.1)

0.9 (0.7-1.1)

No

75.7

76.9

Referent

Referent

Multiple forced termination of pregnancies

Yes

6.8

8.5

1.2 (0.9-1.8)

1.1 (0.8-1.7)

No

93.2

91.5

Referent

Referent

Symptoms of RTI3 (in last six months)

Yes

61.1

66.5

1.2 (1.0-1.5)**

1.3 (1.0-1.7)**

No

38.9

33.5

Referent

Referent


    HIV risks


Inconsistent condom use (in last two years)

Yes

54.1

68.4

1.8 (1.5-2.2)***

1.8 (1.4-2.3)***

No

45.9

31.6

Referent

Referent

Inconsistent condom use (in last 7 days)

Yes

41.5

58.2

1.9 (1.6-2.4)***

1.8 (1.5-2.3)***

No

58.5

41.8

Referent

Referent

STI4 symptoms (in last six months)

Yes

65.5

70.1

1.2 (1.0-1.5)*

1.3 (1.1-1.7)**

No

34.5

29.9

Referent

Referent

Perception of HIV risk

High/moderate

53.4

47.9

0.8 (0.6-0.9)**

0.9 (0.8-1.1)

Low

46.6

52.1

Referent

Referent


* p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001

1 Odds ratio (unadjusted)

2 Adjusted odds ratio: adjusted for age, education, marital status, duration of sex work, type of sex work, program exposure, mobility

3 Women reporting experience of any of the following two symptoms in the six months prior to the survey: excessive vaginal discharge, or pain in lower abdomen

4 Women reporting experience of any of the following four symptoms in the six months prior to the survey: ulcers/sores in genital area, swelling in groin area, pain during intercourse, or frequent/sometimes painful urination

a Dependent variable: Predicting 'yes' on each of the dependent variables for reproductive health and HIV risks

b Odds ratios are presented for key independent variable: Experienced physical violence only = Reference Category; Experienced sexual violence with or without physical violence = 1.

Swain et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:357   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-357

Open Data