Table 2

Results of the logistic regression analyses of mobile FSWs, with or without the experience of violence, and reproductive health risk and HIV risk (N = 5498)

Dependent Variable

Among FSWs who did not experience violence

Among FSWs who experienced violence

OR1,a,b (95% CI)

Adjusted OR2,a,b (95%CI)


    Reproductive health risks


    FSWs who reported:

≥4 pregnancies

Yes

13.5

16.5

1.3(1.1-1.4)**

1.2(1.0-1.6)*

No

86.5

83.5

Referent

Referent

Any pregnancy loss

Yes

24.5

31.1

1.3(1.2-1.5)***

1.4(1.2-1.6)***

No

75.5

68.9

Referent

Referent

Any forced termination of pregnancy

Yes

11.8

23.5

2.3(1.9-2.6)***

2.4(2.0-2.7)***

No

88.2

76.5

Referent

Referent

Multiple forced termination of pregnancies

Yes

4.0

7.9

2.0(1.6-2.6)***

2.2(1.7-2.8)***

No

96.0

92.1

Referent

Referent

Symptoms of RTI3 (in last six months)

Yes

54.9

64.5

1.5(1.3-1.6)***

1.5(1.3-1.7)***

No

45.1

35.5

Referent

Referent


    HIV risks


Inconsistent condom use (in last two years)

Yes

47.8

63.1

1.8(1.6-2.1)***

2.0(1.7-2.3)***

No

52.2

36.9

Referent

Referent

Inconsistent condom use (in last 7 days)

Yes

41.4

52.1

1.5(1.4-1.7)***

1.7(1.4-2.0)***

No

58.6

47.9

Referent

Referent

STI4 symptoms (in last six months)

Yes

51.0

68.4

2.0(1.8-2.3)***

2.1(1.8-2.4)***

No

49.0

31.6

Referent

Referent

Perception of HIV risk

High/Moderate

34.8

49.6

1.8(1.6-2.1)***

1.8(1.6-2.0)***

Low

65.2

50.1

Referent

Referent


* p < 0.05 ** p < 0.01 *** p < 0.001

1 Odds ratio (unadjusted)

2 Adjusted odds ratio: adjusted for age, education, marital status, duration of sex work, type of sex work, program exposure, mobility

3 Women reporting experience of any of the following two symptoms in the six months prior to the survey: excessive vaginal discharge, or pain in lower abdomen

4 Women reporting experience of any of the following four symptoms in the six months prior to the survey: ulcers/sores in genital area, swelling in groin area, pain during intercourse, or frequent/sometimes painful urination

a Dependent variable: Predicting 'yes' on each of the dependent variables for reproductive health and HIV risks

b Odds ratios are presented for key independent variable: Experienced no violence = Reference Category; Experienced violence = 1).

Swain et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:357   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-357

Open Data