Table 1

Association between background characteristics of mobile female sex workers and experience of violence in four southern states of India (N = 5,498)

Background characteristics

All FSWs

FSWs who experienced violence


Total Sample

Percent

Experienced violence

Adjusted OR2,a (95% CI)

Type of violence experienced (%)

Adjusted OR2,b (95% CI)



No (%)

Yes (%)

p-value1

Sub-Sample

Physical violence (%)

Sexual violence (%)

p-value1


Age

<30 years

2,815

51.2

70.6

29.4

.047

1.1 (1.0-1.2)*

829

29.6

70.4

<0.001

1.4 (1.1-1.8)**

≤30 years

2,683

48.8

68.4

31.6

Referent

847

43.6

56.4

Referent

Education

No formal education

1,893

34.4

63.8

36.2

<0.001

1.4 (1.3-1.6)***

685

33.4

66.6

.014

1.3 (1.1-1.6)*

Formal education

3,603

65.6

72.5

27.5

Referent

990

38.8

61.2

Referent

Marital status

<0.001

Currently married

1,848

33.6

72.7

27.3

Referent

505

38.8

61.2

<0.001

Referent

Unmarried

795

14.5

74.6

25.4

0.9 (0.7-1.2)

202

21.8

78.2

1.6 (1.1-2.2)**

Formerly married

2,853

51.9

66.1

33.9

1.3 (1.1-1.5)***

968

38.6

61.4

0.9 (0.7-1.1)

Duration of sex work

<0.001

<5 years

3,560

64.8

71.9

28.1

Referent

1,001

32.3

67.7

<0.001

Referent

≥5 years

1,938

35.2

65.2

34.8

1.3 (1.2-1.5)***

675

43.1

56.9

0.8 (0.6-0.9)*

Type of sex workc

<0.001

Brothel

1,182

21.5

72.9

27.1

Referent

320

31.9

68.1

0.002

Referent

Lodge

437

7.9

69.6

30.4

1.3 (1.0-1.7)*

133

27.1

72.9

1.3 (0.8-2.2)

Street

1,998

36.3

68.7

31.3

1.3 (1.1-1.6)**

625

40.2

59.8

0.8 (0.6-1.0)

Home

1,095

19.9

72.1

27.9

1.0 (0.9-1.3)

306

41.8

58.2

0.8 (0.5-1.0)

Highway

786

14.3

62.8

37.2

1.7 (1.4-2.1)***

292

33.2

66.8

0.9 (0.6-1.2)

Degree of mobility

1-3 places

1,687

30.7

68.8

31.2

0.24

Referent

526

34.0

66.0

0.13

Referent

4+places

3,811

69.3

69.8

30.2

0.9 (0.8-1.0)

1,150

37.8

62.2

0.9 (0.7-1.1)

Total

5,498

100.0

69.5

30.5

1,676

36.6

63.4


1 Chi-sq. test; 2 AOR - Adjusted Odds Ratio (adjusted for all the variables in this table)

* p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001

a Dependent variable: Experienced violence (No - 0, Yes - 1).

b Dependent variable: Type of violence (Physical violence - 0, Sexual violence - 1)

c Type of sex work: As recorded by the interviewer based on recruitment site.

Swain et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:357   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-357

Open Data