Table 1

Frequency distributions for childhood financial hardship (CFH) and chronic conditions and bivariate associations between demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and multimorbidity

Childhood Financial Hardship

Number of Chronic Conditions (Multimorbidity)


N

%

CFH = 0

CFH = 1

0

1

2

3

4 or more

P-VALUE


Total

7,305

5,946

1,359

2,193

2,524

1,580

730

278

Gender

p < .001

Female

3,916

53.61

3,244

672

1,238

1,382

769

374

153

Male

3,389

46.39

2,702

687

955

1,142

811

356

125

Race

p < .001

White

5,907

80.87

4,827

1,080

1,861

2,053

1,241

550

202

Non-white

1,397

19.13

1,118

279

331

471

339

180

76

Hispanic Ethnicity

p = .12

Hispanic

740

10.13

570

170

233

260

162

67

18

Non-Hispanic

6,565

89.87

5,376

1,189

1,960

2,264

1,418

663

260

Age

50-59

2,004

27.43

1,615

389

921

669

283

104

27

p < .001

60-69

3,218

44.05

2,661

557

866

1,169

707

338

138

≥ 70

2,083

28.51

1,670

413

406

686

590

288

113

Education

p < .001

Less than High School

1,705

23.34

1,285

420

367

537

435

238

128

High School/GED

2,410

32.99

2,007

403

700

850

537

245

78

Some College or more

3,190

43.67

2,654

536

1,126

1,137

608

247

72

Median AVGEARN_LIFETIME

$19,410

$19,488

$19,138

Inter-quartile Range AVGEARN_LIFETIME

$20,235


AVGEARN_LIFETIME = Average annual lifetime earnings (age 20-50) which are adjusted using the CPI-U to account for inflation

Tucker-Seeley et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:313   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-313

Open Data