Table 1

Measures used in analysis of study outcomes

Construct

Measure

Administration time points

Number of items

Additional Information


Child measures


Temperamental inhibition

Short Temperament Scales - Inhibition subscale [47]

Screening

7

Children who score ≥85th percentile are eligible for the trial.


Major health or developmental diagnoses

Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status (Australian version)[53]

RCT baseline

10

Children with major diagnoses will be excluded: determined on a case-by-case basis.


Behavioural and emotional problems

Strengths & Difficulties Questionnaire (4-10 year old Australian version)[54]

Screening

1 & 2 years

25

Behavioural screening measure; widely used in population health research; existing school-entry screen in Victoria. Emotional subscale may have concurrent validity with temperamental inhibition screen. Secondary outcome (impact on externalising/conduct problems).


Anxiety diagnoses

Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV, Child Version, Parent Interview Schedule (ADIS-CP-IV) [55]

1 & 2 years

Primary outcome. Conducted by telephone interview.


Internalising problems

Children's Moods, Fears and Worries Questionnaire [1]

1 & 2 years

34-38

Primary outcome. Detailed measure of internalising symptoms (anxious, fearful, withdrawn, depressive) in young children.


Anxiety problems

Preschool Anxiety Scale - Revised (PAS-R)[56]

1 & 2 years

28

Primary outcome. Detailed measure of anxiety symptoms in young children. Sensitive to intervention in Cool Little Kids efficacy trial.


Parent measures


Parenting practices

Parent Behavior Checklist (nurturing, harsh discipline) [57]

Over-involved/protective parenting [10,35]

Baseline

1 & 2 years

32

8

Secondary outcome (intervention mechanism for impacting on child).


Mental health

Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale [58]

Baseline

1 & 2 years

21

Secondary outcome (impact on parent wellbeing).


Wellbeing

SF-12 [59]

Baseline

12

Secondary outcome (economics measure).

Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL-8D) [49]

1 & 2 years

35

Secondary outcome (economics measure).


Intervention 'process' measures


Fidelity

Group sessions content checklists, rated by facilitator and researcher

6 month appraisal

6-8

Secondary outcome (integrity of intervention delivery). Adapted for this study.


Acceptability to parents

Perceptions of screening process

Perceptions of group sessions

content, group facilitator

6 month appraisal

4

15

Secondary outcome (implications for translation/dissemination uptake by families). Adapted for this study.


Cost-effectiveness

Child and adult health service use

1 & 2 years

6

Secondary outcome (for policy/decision makers considering translation/dissemination). Generated for this study.


Bayer et al. BMC Public Health 2011 11:11   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-11

Open Data