Table 3

Differences in hepatitis B knowledge scores among health professionals in China

Characteristic

Unadjusted difference

95% Confidence Interval

p-value


Sex

Male

0.0

reference

Female

0.2

(-0.4, 0.7)

0.57

Region of residence

Eastern

0.0

reference

Central

0.3

(-0.3, 1.0)

0.29

Western

-0.8

(-1.5, -0.2)

0.01

Rural/urban status of residence

Rural

-1.8

(-2.4, -1.1)

<0.001

Urban

0.0

reference

Population of town/city of residence

<10,000

-1.5

(-2.5, -0.5)

0.005

10,000-500,000

-0.5

(-1.0, 0.1)

0.12

500,000-1 million

-0.2

(-0.9, 0.5)

0.57

>1 million

0.0

reference

Education level

Elementary

0.7

(-3.2, 4.7)

0.71

Middle school

-0.3

(-4.2, 3.7)

0.90

High school

-1.8

(-2.7, -0.8)

<0.001

Vocational

-1.3

(-2.1, -0.5)

0.002

University/college

0.0

reference

Graduate/professional degree

-0.3

(-1.4, 0.7)

0.56

Occupation

Physician

0.0

reference

Nurse or midwife

-5.0

(-6.8, -3.2)

<0.001

Elementary school teacher/admin

-3.2

(-7.2, 0.7)

0.11

Social worker

-0.3

(-1.5, 0.9)

0.62

Government public health worker

-0.2

(-1.0, 0.5)

0.57

Local public health worker

-0.2

(-0.8, 0.4)

0.51

Hospital administrator

-0.4

(-1.6, 0.7)

0.45

Family history of chronic hepatitis B

Yes

0.0

(-0.6, 0.6)

0.92

No

0.0

reference

Family history of liver cancer

Yes

-0.6

(-1.5, 0.4)

0.25

No

0.0

reference

Ever been tested for HBV

Yes

1.9

(-0.7, 3.0)

0.002

No

0.0

reference

Vaccinated against HBV

Yes

0.5

(-0.2, 1.1)

0.19

No

0.0

reference

Children vaccinated against HBV

Yes

1.1

(-0.2, 2.5)

0.09

No

0.0

reference

Ever heard of the Jade Ribbon Campaign

Yes

0.0

(-0.6, 0.5)

0.92

No

0.0

reference

Hepatitis B health practices

If someone tests positive for HBV, do you report the results to the ...?

Only to the patient (± health department)

0.0

reference

To the patient and the patient's school or employer

-0.5

(-1.1, 0.1)

0.08

Only to the patient's school or employer

-1.9

(-2.6, -1.2)

<0.001

Does your city/village restrict HBV-infected individuals from working for the government?

Yes

0.7

(-0.2, 1.7)

0.11

No

0.0

reference

Does your city/village restrict HBV-infected individuals from attending schools?

Yes

0.5

(-0.2, 1.2)

0.19

No

0.0

reference

Does your city/village require HBV-infected individuals to have separate eating utensils/plates?

Yes

0.0

(-0.8, 0.8)

0.97

No

0.0

reference

Does your city/village restrict HBV-infected individuals from working in healthcare?

Yes

0.2

(-0.5, 0.9)

0.56

No

0.0

reference

What population groups receive free hepatitis B vaccines in your city/village?

Vaccines are free for newborns (± other groups)

0.0

reference

Vaccines are free for health workers only

-1.6

(-3.4, 0.3)

0.10

Vaccines are only for purchase

0.3

(-0.7, 1.2)

0.61

Vaccines are not available

-3.5

(-6.4, -0.6)

0.02

What do hospitals do with used needles in your city/village?

Single use and destroy on site

0.0

reference

Single use but collected by supplier for disposal

0.9

(-0.1, 1.9)

0.07

Disinfect and reuse

-3.2

(-4.8, -1.5)

<0.001

Don't know

0.5

(-0.2, 1.2)

0.26

What forms of HBV educational material do you utilize in your workplace?

Posters

0.3

(-0.5, 1.1)

0.42

Printed information

0.4

(-0.3, 1.2)

0.28

Posters and printed information

0.5

(-0.3, 1.3)

0.22

None

0.0

reference


Adjusted difference*

95% Confidence Interval

p-value


0.0

reference

-0.1

(-0.5, 0.4)

0.84

0.0

reference

0.0

(-0.6, 0.6)

0.99

-0.3

(-0.9, 0.3)

0.28

-1.0

(-1.6, -0.3)

0.004

0.0

reference

-0.5

(-1.5, 0.5)

0.32

-0.1

(-0.7, 0.4)

0.67

-0.1

(-0.7, 0.5)

0.79

0.0

reference

0.3

(-3.1, 3.8)

0.85

-0.6

(-4.0, 2.9)

0.75

-1.2

(-2.1, -0.3)

0.008

-1.3

(-2.0, -0.5)

<0.001

0.0

reference

0.1

(-0.9, 1.1)

0.84

0.0

reference

-2.4

(-4.3, -0.5)

0.01

-3.9

(-7.4, -0.4)

0.03

0.0

(-1.1, 1.1)

0.99

0.3

(-0.4, 1.0)

0.42

-0.1

(-0.7, 0.5)

0.77

-0.2

(-1.3, 0.9)

0.73

0.0

(-0.5, 0.5)

0.93

0.0

reference

0.0

(-0.9, 0.9)

0.96

0.0

reference

1.2

(0.1, 2.3)

0.03

0.0

reference

0.5

(-0.2, 1.1)

0.15

0.0

reference

0.3

(-0.9, 1.6)

0.62

0.0

reference

0.0

(-0.4, 0.5)

0.84

0.0

reference

0.0

reference

-0.2

(-0.8, 0.3)

0.37

-1.5

(-2.1, -0.9)

<0.001

0.2

(-0.6, 1.1)

0.59

0.0

reference

0.5

(-0.1, 1.2)

0.09

0.0

reference


*Adjusted for urban/rural status of residence, education level, occupation, HBV testing practices, HBV test notification practices, and availability of free vaccines

HBV: hepatitis B virus

Chao et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:98   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-98

Open Data