Table 2

Distribution of hepatitis B and liver cancer knowledge and local hepatitis B practices among health professionals in China

Survey question

N

(%)


HBV knowledge

Which of the following viruses is transmitted like HIV?

Correct

228

91.6

Incorrect/missing

21

8.4

Which of the following age groups, if infected, is at highest risk of developing chronic HBV infection?

Correct

223

89.6

Incorrect/missing

26

10.4

Which of the following blood tests measures protection against HBV?

Correct

209

83.9

Incorrect/missing

40

16.1

How many people in China have chronic HBV infection?

Correct

234

94.0

Incorrect/missing

15

6.0

Which of the following is a curative treatment for HBV?

Correct

216

86.8

Incorrect/missing

33

13.2

Does chronic hepatitis B usually cause symptoms?

Correct

165

66.3

Incorrect/missing

84

33.7

What are the potential complications of chronic HBV infection?

Correct

177

71.1

Incorrect/missing

72

28.9

What is the most common cause of liver cancer in China?

Correct

235

94.4

Incorrect/missing

14

5.6

If a pregnant woman is an HBV carrier, which of the following is the best way to prevent perinatal transmission?

Correct

214

85.9

Incorrect/missing

35

14.1

Which of the following viruses is transmitted by contaminated water?

Correct

240

96.4

Incorrect/missing

9

3.6

Which of the following forms of viral hepatitis is vaccine-preventable?

Correct

239

96.0

Incorrect/missing

10

4.0

Which of the following forms of viral hepatitis can lead to chronic hepatitis?

Correct

201

80.7

Incorrect/missing

48

19.3

What are the modes of HBV transmission?

Correct

164

65.9

Incorrect/missing

85

34.1

What are the best ways of preventing transmission of HBV?

Correct

175

70.3

Incorrect/missing

74

29.7

Who should be vaccinated if they are not protected against HBV?

Correct

221

88.8

Incorrect/missing

28

11.2

What are the tests used to monitor patients with chronic HBV infection?

Correct

77

30.9

Incorrect/missing

172

69.1

HBV health practices

If someone tests positive for HBV, do you report the results to the patient?

Yes

202

82.1

No

44

17.9

If someone tests positive for HBV, do you report the results to the patient's employer?

Yes

93

37.8

No

153

62.2

If someone tests positive for HBV, do you report the results to the patient's school?

Yes

61

24.8

No

185

75.2

If someone tests positive for HBV, do you report the results to the health department?

Yes

105

42.7

No

141

57.3

Does your city/village prohibit HBV-infected individuals from working for the government?

Yes

25

13.0

No

167

87.0

Does your city/village prohibit HBV-infected individuals from attending schools?

Yes

53

27.6

No

139

72.4

Does your city/village require HBV-infected individuals to have separate eating utensils/plates?

Yes

35

18.2

No

157

81.8

Does your city/village prohibit HBV-infected individuals from working in healthcare?

Yes

52

27.1

No

140

72.9

What population groups receive free hepatitis B vaccines in your city/village?

Vaccines are free for newborns (± other groups)

222

89.5

Vaccines are free for health workers only

5

2.0

Vaccines are only for purchase

19

7.7

Vaccines are not available

2

0.8

What do clinics/hospitals do with used needles in your city/village?

Single use and destroy on site

186

75.3

Single use but collected by supplier for disposal

19

7.7

Disinfect and reuse

6

2.4

Don't know

36

14.6

Do you display or have available HBV educational material in your workplace?

Yes, we have posters

69

27.7

Yes, printed information is available by request

62

24.9

Both

69

27.7

No

49

19.7


HBV: hepatitis B virus

Chao et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:98   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-98

Open Data