Table 1

Characteristics of study participants. Data are given as numbers (%), unless otherwise specified.

All participants (N = 1191)

With current drug problem (n = 475)

Without current drug problem (n = 716)

p-value


Age, mean (SD)

36.2 (12.3)

34.2 (11.1)

37.5 (12.9)

< 0.001


Sex/family status

< 0.001

Single male

603 (50.6)

317 (66.7)

286 (39.9)

Single female

304 (25.5)

125 (26.3)

179 (25.0)

Adult accompanied by children

283 (23.7)

33 (6.9)

250 (34.9)


Race/ethnicity

< 0.001

White

662 (55.6)

300 (63.2)

362 (50.6)

Black

266 (22.3)

72 (15.2)

194 (27.1)

First Nations

100 (8.4)

60 (12.6)

40 (5.6)

Other race/ethnicity

163 (13.7)

43 (9.1)

120 (16.8)


Region of birth

< 0.001

Canada

812 (68.2)

392 (82.5)

420 (58.7)

Outside Canada

379 (31.8)

83 (17.5)

296 (41.3)


Education

< 0.001

Some high school or less

597 (50.3)

290 (61.3)

307 (42.9)

High school or equivalent

255 (21.5)

92 (19.5)

163 (22.8)

Vocational training/college or above

336 (28.3)

91 (19.2)

245 (34.3)


Age at first episode of homelessness, mean (SD)

28.4 (13.0)

24.8 (11.9)

30.9 (13.2)

< 0.001


Duration of current episode of homelessness in months, mean (SD)

15.7 (35.2)

18.7 (37.2)

13.8 (33.7)

0.02


Lifetime years of homelessness in years, mean (SD)

3.7 (5.5)

4.8 (5.6)

2.9 (5.2)

< 0.001


Drugs and alcohol reported as an impediment from getting out of homelessness

162 (13.6)

128 (26.9)

34 (4.7)

< 0.001


Simultaneous use of >1 drug in past month*

501 (42.1)

363 (76.4)

138 (19.3)

< 0.001


Mean pack-years smoked (SD)

17.8 (29.6)

21.5 (24.6)

15.4 (32.3)

< 0.001


Mental health problems (present within the last 30 days)

444 (37.3)

212 (44.6)

232 (32.4)

< 0.001


* This question was only asked of participants who had ever used drugs in their lifetime.

Grinman et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:94   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-94

Open Data