Table 4

Factors associated with dental visit among mothers by simple logistic regression analysis

Variables

Crude OR

95% CI

LR χ2(df)a

p valuea


Age (years)

≤35

1.00

--

0.593 (1)

0.444

>35

1.40

0.59-3.32

Ethnic group

Malay

1.00

--

0.891 (1)

0.345

Others

0.39

0.05-3.37

Highest educational level

Secondary

1.00

--

4.078 (2)

0.130

Post-secondary/Diploma

0.08

0.14-1.12

3.010 (1)b

0.083b

Tertiary

0.84

0.44-2.76

0.041 (1)b

0.839b

Household income (Malaysian Ringgit)

<3000

1.00

--

0.339 (2)

0.844

3001-5000

1.15

0.44-3.00

0.080 (1)b

0.778b

>5000

0.73

0.19-2.89

0.199 (1)b

0.656b

Employment status

No

1.00

--

0.007 (1)

0.936

Yes

1.03

0.46-2.35

Period of gestation (weeks)

28-32

1.00

--

0.437 (2)

0.804

33-37

0.85

0.35-2.07

0.133 (1)b

0.715b

>37

1.20

0.44-3.27

0.127 (1)b

0.721b

Gravida status

Primigravida

1.00

--

0.003 (1)

0.954

Multigravida

0.98

0.41-2.32

Oral health status

Fair

1.00

--

0.701 (1)

0.400

Very good/good

0.70

0.31-1.60

Self-reported oral health problem

None

1.00

--

2.390 (2)

0.303

One problem

1.58

0.61-4.09

0.873 (1)b

0.350b

Two or more problems

2.10

0.80-5.46

2.289 (1)b

0.130b

Oral health education received before the current pregnancy

No

1.00

--

14.334 (1)

<0.001

Yes

5.03

2.15-11.76

Aware of relationship between maternal oral health and pregnancy outcomes

No

1.00

--

11.271 (1)

0.002

Yes

4.57

1.73-12.05

Aware of free dental services in government clinics

No

1.00

--

3.150 (1)

0.082

Yes

2.08

0.91-4.73

Distance to nearest dental clinic (km)

≤5

1.00

--

1.749 (1)

0.184

>5

1.71

0.77-3.80

Accessibility to the nearest dental clinic

Difficult

1.00

--

0.104 (2)

0.950

Easy

1.22

0.23-6.44

0.054 (1)b

0.816b

Very easy

1.33

0.22-8.10

0.098 (1)b

0.755b


a Likelihood Ratio (LR) test

b Wald test

Saddki et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:75   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-75

Open Data