Table 4

Hierarchical logistic regressions on the three variable level of individuals clustered within schools and within housing areas, presenting odds ratios (OR), 95% CIs, and significance levels of participants with many psychosomatic and musculoskeletal symptoms and participants who were classified as depressed, in relation to neighbourhood social capital, general social trust, sex, parental unemployment, living conditions, ethnicity, and subjective SES.

Psychosomatic symptoms

Musculoskeletal pain

Depression


OR (95% CI)

p

OR (95% CI)

p

OR (95% CI)

p


Neighbourhood social capital


High

Ref

Ref

Ref


Medium

1.41 (1.14-1.75)

0.002

1.30 (1.03-1.66)

0.030

1.46 (1.21-1.75)

< 0.001


Low

2.29 (1.81-2.90)

< 0.001

1.74 (1.35-2.26)

< 0.001

2.36 (1.88-2.96)

< 0.001


General social trust


High

Ref

Ref

Ref


Medium

1.51 (1.24-1.85)

< 0.001

1.41 (1.12-1.77)

0.004

1.54 (1.29-1.85)

< 0.001


Low

3.20 (2.59-3.97)

< 0.001

2.51 (1.89-3.33)

< 0.001

3.34 (2.75-4.06)

< 0.001


Sex


Boy

Ref

Ref

Ref


Girl

3.77 (3.21-4.44)

< 0.001

1.90 (1.58-2.29)

< 0.001

2.59 (2.24-3.00)

< 0.001


Parental unemployment


Both parents working

Ref

Ref

Ref


At least one parent unemployed

1.28 (1.07-1.53)

0.007

1.24 (1.02-1.50)

0.031

1.26 (1.10-1.45)

0.001


Living conditions


Single-family house

Ref

Ref

Ref


Multi-family house

0.98 (0.81-1.17)

0.787

0.99 (0.81-1.20)

0.897

0.97 (0.83-1.14)

0.732


Ethnicity


Scandinavian ethnicity

Ref

Ref

Ref


Non-Scandinavian ethnicity

0.86 (0.72-1.03)

0.104

0.88 (0.72-1.08)

0.230

0.93 (0.79-1.09)

0.344


Subjective SES


High

Ref

Ref

Ref


Medium

1.00 (0.75-1.33)

0.983

1.03 (0.78-1.35)

0.851

0.88 (0.70-1.10)

0.273


Low

2.00 (1.50-2.68)

< 0.001

1.70 (1.21-2.39)

0.002

1.96 (1.52-2.51)

< 0.001


├ůslund et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:715   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-715

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