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Open Access Research article

Factors associated with motivation and hesitation to work among health professionals during a public crisis: a cross sectional study of hospital workers in Japan during the pandemic (H1N1) 2009

Hissei Imai1*, Kunitaka Matsuishi1, Atsushi Ito1, Kentaro Mouri1, Noboru Kitamura1, Keiko Akimoto2, Koichi Mino2, Ayako Kawazoe3, Masanori Isobe3, Shizuo Takamiya3 and Tatsuo Mita1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Psychiatry, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, 4-6 Nakamachi Minatojima Chuo-ku, Kobe, Japan

2 Department of Psychiatry, Kobe City Medical Center West Hospital. 2-4 Ichibancho Nagata-ku, Kobe, Japan

3 Department of Psychiatry, Nishi-Kobe Medical Center, 5-7-1 Kojidai Nishi-ku, Kobe, Japan

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BMC Public Health 2010, 10:672  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-672

Published: 4 November 2010

Abstract

Background

The professionalism of hospital workers in Japan was challenged by the pandemic (H1N1) 2009. To maintain hospital function under critical situations such as a pandemic, it is important to understand the factors that increase and decrease the willingness to work. Previous hospital-based studies have examined this question using hypothetical events, but so far it has not been examined in an actual pandemic. Here, we surveyed the factors that influenced the motivation and hesitation of hospital workers to work in Japan soon after the pandemic (H1N1) 2009.

Methods

Self-administered anonymous questionnaires about demographic character and stress factors were distributed to all 3635 employees at three core hospitals in Kobe city, Japan and were collected from June to July, 2009, about one month after the pandemic (H1N1) in Japan.

Results

Of a total of 3635 questionnaires distributed, 1693 (46.7%) valid questionnaires were received. 28.4% (N = 481) of workers had strong motivation and 14.7% (N = 249) had strong hesitation to work. Demographic characters and stress-related questions were categorised into four types according to the odds ratios (OR) of motivation and hesitation to work: some factors increased motivation and lowered hesitation; others increased motivation only; others increased hesitation only and others increased both motivation and hesitation. The strong feeling of being supported by the national and local governments (Multivariate OR: motivation; 3.5; CI 2.2-5.4, hesitation; 0.2; CI 0.1-0.6) and being protected by hospital (Multivariate OR: motivation; 2.8; CI 2.2-3.7, hesitation; 0.5; CI 0.3-0.7) were related to higher motivation and lower hesitation. Here, protection included taking precautions to prevent illness among workers and their families, providing for the care of those who do become ill, reducing malpractice threats, and financial support for families of workers who die on duty. But 94.1% of the respondents answered protection by the national and local government was weak and 79.7% answered protection by the hospital was weak.

Conclusions

Some factors have conflicting effects because they increase both motivation and hesitation. Giving workers the feeling that they are being protected by the national and local government and hospital is especially valuable because it increases their motivation and lowers their hesitation to work.