Table 3

Adjusted and unadjusted relative risk for acquisition of HIV among pregnant women.

Variable

No. tested

No. HIV positive (%)

Unadjusted RR (95% CI)

Adjusted RR (95% CI)


Age of participant in years

35-42

17

1(5.8)

Reference

Reference

30-34

42

2(4.8)

0.8(0.1-8.4)

1.0(0.1-9.9)

25-29

101

6(5.9)

1.0(0.1-7.9)

0.9(0.1-8.6)

20-24

184

15(8.2)

1.4(0.2-9.9)

1.1(0.1-9.2)

15-19

98

15(15.3)

2.6(0.4-18.5)

2.2(0.3-18.2)

Marital status

Married

428

36(8.4)

Referent

Referent

Single

13

3(23.1)

0.3(0.1-1.2)

0.4(0.1-1.7)

Polygamous marriage

No

396

30(7.6)

Referent

Referent

Yes

29

5(17.2)

2.3(0.9-5.9)

2.6(0.8-8.5)

Have you been sexually abused?

No

418

34(8.1)

Referent

Referent

Yes

22

4(8.2)

2.2(0.8-6.3)

3.1(1.2-8.0)

Education level of participant.

>primary

375

28(7.5)

Referent

Referent

<primary

69

11(15.9)

2.1(1.1-4.3)

2.5(1.1-5.3)

Is partner a frequent traveler?

No

252

17(6.7)

Referent

Referent

Yes

174

18(10.3)

1.5(0.8-3.0)

0.9(0.4-2.0)

Ever used intravaginal herbs?

No

380

33(8.7)

Referent

Referent

Yes

61

5(8.2)

0.9(0.4-2.4)

0.7(0.2-2.3)

Age at sexual debut

≥16

131

6(4.6)

Referent

Referent

<16

308

33(10.7)

2.3(1.0-5.6)

1.9(0.5-7.6)

Used condom at sexual debut?

Yes

45

6(13.3)

Referent

Referent

No

393

32(8.1)

1.6(0.7-3.9)

1.5(0.5-4.7)

Ever used a condom?

No

246

22(8.9)

Referent

Referent

Yes

191

17(8.9)

1.0(0.5-1.9)

1.2(0.5-3.1)

Casual partners in past 12 months

No

433

36(8.3)

Referent

Referent

Yes

9

2(22.2)

2.7(0.6-11.1)

2.0(0.6-7.0)

No. of lifetime sexual partners

<2

350

25(7.1)

Referent

Referent

≥2

93

14(15.0)

2.1(1.1-4.1)

0.8(0.3-2.2)

Siblings have same father?

Yes

370

27(7.3)

Referent

Referent

No

45

9(20.0)

2.7(1.3-5.8)

1.8(0.6-4.9)

Do you have genital itching?

No

291

20(6.9)

Referent

Referent

Yes

151

19812.6)

1.8(1.0-3.4)

0.8(0.4-2.0)

Laboratory-diagnosed syphilis

Negative

403

35(8.7)

Referent

Referent

Positive

2

1(50.0)

5.8(0.8-42.0)

8.5(1.4-50.4)

Clinical genital warts

Absent

381

33(8.7)

Referent

Referent

Present

18

4(22.2)

2.7(0.9-7.2)

1.2(0.9-1.5)


Munjoma et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:668   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-668

Open Data