Table 3

Cross-sectional odds ratios (OR)1 of current daily tobacco use versus non-use in relation to lifestyle and health factors in the Stockholm Public Health Survey 2006.

Characteristic

Males

Females



Snus use

OR2 (95% CI)

Smoking

OR3 (95% CI)

Dual use

OR (95% CI)

Snus use

OR2 (95% CI)

Smoking

OR3 (95% CI)

Dual use

OR (95% CI)


Risky alcohol consumption

No

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Yes

1.81

1.88

2.71

1.79

1.78

3.29

(1.63-2.02)

(1.62-2.18)

(2.12-3.46)

(1.45-2.20)

(1.58-2.00)

(2.04-5.30)


Binge drinking

Never/seldom

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Monthly

2.34

1.82

2.31

1.53

2.80

4.46

(2.08-2.63)

(1.55-2.14)

(1.75-3.05)

(1.12-2.11)

(2.39-3.27)

(2.50-7.95)

Weekly

3.01

3.16

5.47

3.16

3.85

6.49

(2.55-3.56)

(2.60-3.84)

(4.07-7.34)

(2.08-4.81)

(3.08-4.82)

(3.02-13.9)


Fruit consumption

Once a week or less

2.53

5.55

9.63

1.80

5.71

4.72

(2.10-3.03)

(4.27-7.23)

(5.59-16.6)

(1.23-2.64)

(4.78-5.82)

(2.32-9.61)

Several times a week/daily

1.63

2.36

3.06

1.47

2.07

1.52

(1.39-1.90)

(1.85-3.01)

(1.80-5.20)

(1.19-1.81)

(1.84-2.35)

(0.91-2.55)

Several times a day

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref


Vegetable consumption

Once a week or less

1.71

3.91

5.18

1.36

4.45

2.26

(1.41-2.07)

(2.97-5.15)

(3.09-8.67)

(0.86-2.15)

(3.64-5.43)

(0.89-5.76)

Several times a week/daily

1.23

1.74

2.01

1.31

1.96

1.44

(1.05-1.44)

(1.35-2.24)

(1.24-3.28)

(1.06-1.62)

(1.72-2.24)

(0.85-2.42)

Several times a day

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref


Body mass index4

Underweight

0.46

1.68

1.27

0.91

1.24

1.76

(0.22-0.97)

(1.01-2.78)

(0.45-3.59)

(0.55-1.51)

(0.98-1.58)

(0.88-3.52)

Normal weight

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Overweight

1.04

0.75

1.30

1.00

1.01

1.63

(0.93-1.15)

(0.65-0.86)

(1.01-1.66)

(0.79-1.26)

(0.89-1.14)

(0.96-2.76)

Obese

1.01

0.76

1.59

0.99

0.92

1.76

(0.85-1.20)

(0.61-0.94)

(1.12-2.26)

(0.70-1.39)

(0.77-1.10)

(0.88-3.52)


Physical activity, days/week5

< 2

1.09

2.07

1.85

0.90

1.47

1.74

(0.97-1.22)

(1.79-2.39)

(1.43-2.39)

(0.71-1.14)

(1.31-1.66)

(1.05-2.89)

2-4

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

5+

0.95

0.94

1.10

1.11

0.99

1.17

(0.83-1.07)

(0.79-1.12)

(0.82-1.48)

(0.88-1.40)

(0.87-1.13)

(0.65-2.11)


Self-rated health

Very Good/Good

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Fair

1.11

1.69

2.16

1.08

1.74

1.44

(0.98-1.26)

(1.46-1.95)

(1.69-2.77)

(0.86-1.37)

(1.55-1.95)

(0.84-2.48)

Very Poor/Poor

1.11

2.25

2.67

1.02

2.65

3.34

(0.86-1.42)

(1.76-2.87)

(1.75-4.08)

(0.64-1.64)

(2.22-3.16)

(1.66-6.72)


Psychosocial distress

No

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Ref

Yes

0.96

1.33

1.68

1.14

1.54

1.63

(0.83-1.10)

(1.12-1.58)

(1.28-2.20)

(0.91-1.42)

(1.37-1.73)

(1.00-2.66)


1Adjusted for age and occupational class, when applicable. 2Further adjusted for past smoking. 3Further adjusted for past snus use. 4Further adjusted for physical activity. 5Further adjusted for body mass index.

Engström et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:619   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-619

Open Data