Table 2

Comparison of health behaviours and physical health among LBCa and non-LBC by gender

Males

Females



All

(n = 1536)

Non-LBC

(n = 1239)

LBC

(n = 297)

All

(n = 1450)

Non-LBC

(n = 1206)

LBC

(n = 244)


Dietary intake (%)


Felt hungry most of the time or always1

1.5%

1.2%

2.8%

1.1%

1.2%

0.6%


Ate breakfast everyday2

75.1%

76.3%

69.4%

73.4%

73.8%

71.1%


Ate vegetables ≥3 times/day2

61.0%

62.5%

53.3%

57.3%

58.0%

53.6%


Ate fruits ≥3 times/day2

39.4%

39.2%

40.6%

37.1%

36.0%

42.8%


Ate high-fat food ≥3 times/day2

15.9%

15.6%

17.8%

11.6%

11.2%

13.9%


Ate sweetened snack ≥3 times/day2

23.6%

23.2%

25.6%

23.1%

22.4%

27.1%


Drank sweetened beverage ≥3 times/day2

24.3%

24.4%

23.9%

11.9%

10.9%

17.5%


Drank milk ≥6 days/week2

7.6%

7.3%

9.4%

7.2%

7.2%

7.2%


Physical activity & sedentary behaviours (%)


Physically active§ ≥4 days/week2

51.7%

53.3%

43.9%

46.6%

46.8%

45.8%


Participated in sports team(s) 3

31.1%

30.7%

33.3%

23.7%

23.6%

24.1%


Watched TV ≥4 hours/day2

19.3%

19.4%

18.9%

18.7%

17.4%

25.9%


Did homework ≥4 hours/day2

11.5%

12.5%

6.1%

19.5%

20.1%

16.3%


Played electronic games ≥4 hours/day2

13.5%

13.0%

16.1%

5.1%

4.9%

6.0%


Internet use (%)


Used internet2

60.2%

60.0%

61.1%

44.7%

45.7%

39.2%


Used internet ≥4 hours/day2

9.7%

9.5%

10.6%

3.9%

3.9%

4.2%


Internet addiction

8.4%

7.7%

11.7%

3.2%

3.3%

2.4%


Tobacco & alcohol use (%)


Ever smoked

50.2%

49.3%

55.0%

10.8%

10.0%

15.1%


Currently smoked1

17.1%

16.3%

20.6%

1.0%

0.6%

3.6%


Ever drank alcohol

69.7%

69.1%

72.8%

42.7%

42.9%

41.9%


Currently drank alcohol1

33.6%

32.7%

37.8%

13.1%

12.9%

14.5%


Binge drinking¶1

12.1%

11.9%

13.3%

2.8%

2.1%

6.6%


Reported symptoms of drunkenness3

22.6%

22.4%

23.9%

10.2%

10.0%

11.4%


Emotional and mental issues (%)


Felt lonely most of the time or always3

4.9%

4.6%

6.7%

6.9%

6.8%

7.8%


Felt unhappy most of the time or always3

13.8%

13.7%

14.4%

16.8%

16.3%

19.3%


Sleepless most of the time or always3

5.7%

5.4%

7.2%

6.3%

6.2%

6.6%


Felt sad or hopeless ≥2 weeks3

8.6%

8.3%

10.0%

10.3%

10.2%

10.8%


Suicide ideation3

6.3%

5.4%

11.1%

11.0%

10.3%

15.1%


Suicide plan3

1.3%

1.1%

2.2%

2.0%

1.6%

4.2%


Suicide attempt3

0.7%

0.6%

1.7%

1.2%

1.0%

2.4%


Ideation of leaving home3

14.0%

13.1%

18.3%

14.1%

13.3%

18.7%


Attempt of leaving home3

2.1%

2.0%

2.8%

0.7%

0.4%

2.4%


Nutritional health (%)


Overweight

6.2%

5.2%

11.1%

4.7%

4.5%

5.4%


Obese

1.7%

1.6%

2.2%

0.9%

0.9%

1.2%


Stunted

6.2%

5.8%

8.3%

4.4%

4.5%

3.6%


Mean ± SD4

Mean ± SD4

Mean ± SD4

Mean ± SD4

Mean ± SD4

Mean ± SD4


Height (cm)

160.5 ± 9.2

161.0 ± 9.2

158.3 ± 8.8

153.7 ± 5.3

153.9 ± 5.4

152.9 ± 5.2


Weight (kg)

47.9 ± 9.9

48.1 ± 9.8

47.1 ± 10.4

44.2 ± 6.8

44.4 ± 6.8

43.2 ± 6.8


BMI (kg/m2)

18.4 ± 2.7

18.4 ± 2.7

18.6 ± 2.9

18.7 ± 2.5

18.7 ± 2.5

18.5 ± 2.5


a: LBC: Left Behind Children; Totals for all categories may not sum to1536 (for boys) or 1450 (for girls) due to missing data;

1: in the past 30 days; 2: in the past 7 days; 3: in the past 12 months; 4: SD: Standard Deviation;

§: Physically active represents children who were physically active for a total of at least 60 minutes per day, including all the time they spent in any kind of physical activity that increased their heart rate and made their breaths hard some of the time;

Binge drinking: ever drank at least 5 glasses of alcohol within 1 or 2 hours in the past 30 day.

Gao et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:56   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-56

Open Data