Table 4

Prevalence and odds ratios (OR) from the univariate analysis of farm-related and other risk factors of acute gastrointestinal illness in Quebec rural municipalities, Canada, April 2007 to April 2008

Variable

W.n*

Prevalence (%)

OR (95% CI)

p


Contact with animal or manure

Living in farming municipalities

High intensive farming

4100

4.71

0.68 (0.51-0.88)

0.004

Low intensive farming†

2906

6.84

1.00

-

The presence of manure at 300 m away or less from the house

Yes

2127

6.13

1.17 (0.94-1.45)

0.168

No†

4749

5.31

1.00

-

Keeping farm animals

Yes

965

5.43

0.96 (0.71-1.30)

0.811

No†

6041

5.62

1.00

-

Having pets at home

Yes

4171

5.89

1.15 (0.93-1.41)

0.194

No†

2832

5.16

1.00

-

Consumption of risky food

Raw or rare meat

Yes

438

5.04

0.90 (0.58-1.39)

0.626

No†

6551

5.59

1.00

-

Unpasteurized milk or raw milk cheese

Yes

929

4.16

0.70 (0.50-0.99)

0.042

No†

6076

5.81

1.00

-

Raw egg

Yes

391

7.17

1.33 (0.89-1.98)

0.159

No†

6601

5.49

1.00

-

Raw fish

Yes

533

6.12

1.11 (0.77-1.61)

0.571

No†

6467

5.54

1.00

-

Work

As a day care provider or in the health sector where one could have been in contact with human stools

Yes

337

8.39

1.59 (1.06-2.37)

0.023

No†

6668

5.45

1.00

-

In a pet shop, a zoo, an animal clinic, a farm, a slaughterhouse

Yes

773

5.04

0.88 (0.63-1.24)

0.474

No†

6231

5.66

1.00

-

As a chef or assistant chef

Yes

206

7.41

1.37 (0.80-2.33)

0.250

No†

6799

5.54

1.00

-

Take care or baby sit some children

Yes

1262

5.07

0.88 (0.67-1.16)

0.374

No†

5739

5.70

1.00

-

Travel History

Yes

372

6.28

1.14 (0.74-1.75)

0.553

No†

6634

5.55

1.00

-


* Weighted n, weighted by age and sex to the population of the study area, according to the data from the 2006 Canadian census of population.

† Reference.

‡ Travelling outside Canada within four weeks prior to the onset of AGI (for cases) or interview date (non-cases)

Febriani et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:48   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-48

Open Data