Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from BMC Public Health and BioMed Central.

Open Access Research article

Community pharmacists' involvement in smoking cessation: familiarity and implementation of the National smoking cessation guideline in Finland

Terhi Kurko1*, Kari Linden2*, Kirsi Pietilä3, Patrick Sandström4 and Marja Airaksinen1

Author Affiliations

1 University of Helsinki, Faculty of Pharmacy, Division of Social Pharmacy, Viikinkaari 9C, P.O Box 56, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland

2 Pfizer Oy, Helsinki, Finland

3 Pharmacy of Malmi, Helsinki, Finland

4 The National Institute of Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland

For all author emails, please log on.

BMC Public Health 2010, 10:444  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-444

Published: 29 July 2010

Abstract

Background

Guidelines on smoking cessation (SC) emphasize healthcare cooperation and community pharmacists' involvement. This study explored the familiarity and implementation of the National SC Guideline in Finnish community pharmacies, factors relating to Guideline familiarity, implementation and provision of SC services.

Methods

A nationwide mail survey was sent to a systematic, sample of community pharmacy owners and staff pharmacists (total n = 2291). Response rate was 54% (n = 1190). Factors related to the SC Guideline familiarity were assessed by bivariate and multivariate analysis.

Results

Almost half (47%) of the respondents (n = 1190) were familiar with the SC Guideline and familiarity enhanced Guideline implementation. The familiarity was associated with the respondents' perceptions of their personal SC skills and knowledge (OR 3.8); of customers' value of counseling on nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) (OR 3.3); and regular use of a pocket card supporting SC counseling (OR 3.0). Pharmacists' workplaces' characteristics, such as size and geographical location were not associated with familiarity. In addition to recommending NRT, the pharmacists familiar with the Guideline used more frequently other Guideline-based SC methods, such as recommended non-pharmacological SC aids, compared to unfamiliar respondents.

Conclusions

SC Guideline familiarity and implementation is crucial for community pharmacists' involvement in SC actions in addition to selling NRT products. Pharmacists can constitute a potential public health resource in SC easily accessible throughout the country.