Table 3

Covariates associated with "between-studies" heterogeneity according to multivariable logistic regression, Injection and non-injection drug users.

Variable

OR (95%CI)

AOR (95%CI)


Incarceration

Currently incarcerated

2.37 (0.58 - 9.70)

--------

Non-incarcerated

1.00

Drug use

Injection drug use

5.57 (2.50 - 12.39)**

7.13 (2.52 - 20.20)**

Non-injection drug use

1.00

1.00

Brazilian Region

South

1.86 (0.57 - 6.08)

--------

Southeast and Northeast

1.00

Study Period

1991-2001

1.72 (0.32 - 9.30)

--------

2002-2004

1.00

Recruitment site

Street recruited drug users

2.28 (0.83 - 6.25)*

0.68 (0.24 - 1.91)

Drug addiction or VCT facilities

1.00

1.00


Abbreviations: CI - Confidence Interval; OR - Odds Ratio;

AOR - Adjusted Odds Ratio (adjusted for all variables listed in the table)

* p-value = 0.10; **p-value < 0.0001

Malta et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:317   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-317

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