Table 1

Characteristics of selected studies and AIDS prevalence among female sex workers from Brazil, 1998-2009.

Source

N

State

Design (Period)

Characteristics of Study Population

Sexual behavior and HIV infection


Age [mean (range)]

Ethnicity (%)

Condom use (%)

HIV prevalence

Variables associated with prevalent HIV


Barroso et al. [41]

93

Rio de Janeiro

Cross-sectional (2006)

NA

NA

NA

12.9%

NA


Benzaken et al. [42]

114

Amazon

Cross-sectional (2006)

29 (IQR1 : 22-38)

NA

NA

2.6%

NA


Lacerda et al. [43]

175

São Paulo

Cross-sectional (2005-06)

29 (18-62)

Caucasian: 53.1%

Black: 8.0%

Mulatto: 34.9%

Others: 4.0%

Always use condom with client: 73.1%

5.7%

NA


Dutra & Vasques [44]

154

Amazon

Cross-sectional (2005-06)

30.3 ± 8.8

Caucasian: 17,1%

Black: 13,3%

Mulatto: 69,6%

Always use condom: With stable partner: 36.3%

With occasional partner: 25.2%

2.6%

NA


Trevisol & Silva [45]

90

Santa Catarina

Cross-sectional (2003-04)

27 ± 5.2

Caucasian: 85.6%

Black: 4.4%

Mulatto: 10.0%

Condom use:

Always: 16.7%

Sometimes: 77.8%

Never: 5.6%

6.7%

≤ 2 clients/day (p = 0.008) Infrequent condom use (p = 0.015) Use of inhalants (p = 0.053)


Benzaken et al.[46]

147

Amazon

Cross-sectional (2000)

25.5 (12-54)

NA

NA

0.0%

NA


Brazilian Ministry of Health [47]

2712

9 states

Cross-sectional (2000-01)

Age group:

17-19: 8.1%

20-24: 25.0%

25-29: 20.7%

30-39: 26.8%

40-49: 14.0%

≥50: 5.3%

NA

Always used condom on previous 6 months:

With sexual clients: 67.3%

With stable partner: 19.2%

Overall: 6.1%

Intervention group: 6.6%

Control group: 5.6%

Injection drug use:

RR: 6.77 (3.44 - 13.17)

IDU partner:

RR: 2.70 (1.89 - 3.85)

Syphilis coinfection: RR: 3.56 (2.00 - 6.29)

HCV coinfection:

RR: 11.26 (7.28 - 17.40)


Pires & Miranda [48]

140

Espírito Santo

Retrospective Cohort (1993-96)

25.9 ± 6.8

NA

Always: 31.3%

Sometimes: 52.0%

Never: 16.7%

8.6%

Injection drug use (p = 0,031)

Syphilis coinfection (p = 0,014).


1 IQR - Interquartile range

Malta et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:317   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-317

Open Data