Table 2

Descriptive characteristics of self-reported weekly food intake, exercise and sleep patterns in males and females; n = 5033, 4400 respectively.

Age Group 10-13

Age Group 14-16

Age Group 17-19

Total

Overall Sig.


Males

Females

Males

Females

Males

Females

n

1896

1459

1770

1661

1367

1280

9433


Waist Circumference (cm)

69.58

66.30

79.06

70.77

84.38

70.89

73.38

<.0001

12.36a

10.11b

14.64c

10.79a

15.23d

11.07a

13.92e

BMI (kg/m2)

20.41

20.62

23.39

23.13

25.56

23.69

22.67

<.0001

5.52a

5.37a

6.5b

5.73bd

7.37c

5.64b

6.3d

Sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage

6.39

6.02

8.89

6.78

9.59

7.03

7.42

<.0001

5.34ab

5.34a

6.46d

5.3bf

6.96c

5.81ef

6.02e

Diet carbonated beverage

1.53

1.13

1.28

0.96

1.51

0.92

1.23

<.0001

2.83a

2.34bd

2.68ad

2.12b

3.58a

2.5b

2.71d

Fruit Juice

3.76

4.10

3.75

3.77

3.85

3.96

3.85

<0.004

2.86a

2.55bc

2.92a

2.57a

3.15ac

2.71ac

2.8a

Milk, Full-Fat

2.84

2.11

2.71

1.84

2.75

1.93

2.39

<.0001

3.2a

2.82b

3.37a

2.58b

3.5a

2.57b

3.07c

Milk, Low-Fat

0.04

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.002

0.02

0.02

0.118

0.68a

0.33a

0.25a

0.37a

0.06a

0.3a

0.4a

Added sugar in hot beverages (g)

12.08

7.36

18.08

11.54

27.18

16.62

15.19

<.0001

30.24a

13.93b

32.04c

17.62a

58.16d

26.31ce

32.88e

Fast Food Meals

3.88

4.93

4.21

4.67

4.24

5.15

4.47

<.0001

3.7a

4.4be

3.74ad

4.07ce

3.88ac

4.53b

4.05cd

Pizza

1.30

1.34

1.10

1.15

0.99

1.14

1.18

<.0001

1.49a

1.39a

1.27bc

1.27bd

1.22c

1.28cd

1.34bd

Savory snacks

4.96

5.31

4.68

5.33

3.98

5.27

4.93

<.0001

3.52ad

3.4ac

3.61d

3.21bc

3.58e

3.41ac

3.49d

Sweet Snacks

2.90

3.20

2.79

3.13

2.59

3.04

2.94

<.0001

3.01abc

3.13b

3.03ac

3.17bd

3.01c

2.96ba

3.06ad

Ice cream desserts

2.75

3.10

2.55

2.88

2.04

2.62

2.67

<.0001

3.01ac

2.58b

2.57c

2.4ab

2.15d

2.45ac

2.58c

Fruit1

12.64

10.54

11.17

8.87

10.70

8.64

10.55

<.0001

8.73a

7.17bd

8.39b

6.71c

8.34bd

6.69c

7.9d

Vegetables2

6.54

6.32

5.66

5.80

5.32

5.92

5.95

<.0001

4.88a

4.38ad

4.4bc

4.12b

4.37c

4.24bd

4.44b

Local rice dishes

4.48

3.86

4.81

4.31

5.38

4.50

4.55

<.0001

2.81ad

2.71b

2.82c

2.62d

2.75e

2.58ad

2.76a

Fish

1.03

0.92

0.88

0.78

0.77

0.78

0.87

<.0001

1.37a

1.29ac

1.22bc

1.14b

1.14b

1.18b

1.24bc

Eggs

2.81

2.38

2.48

2.08

2.51

2.08

2.41

<.0001

2.42a

2.24b

2.3b

2.13c

2.31b

2c

2.26b

Cheese

3.66

3.78

3.86

3.83

3.90

4.07

3.84

<0.006

2.89a

2.61ab

3.08ab

2.63ab

2.64ab

2.64b

2.78ab

Sliced Bread

1.43

1.04

1.38

1.13

1.32

1.15

1.25

<.0001

2.21a

1.89b

2.22ac

2.05bd

2.15ad

1.98bd

2.1cd

Cereal, sweetened

1.37

1.34

0.91

0.82

0.58

0.59

0.96

<.0001

2.22a

2.08a

1.93c

1.61c

1.49d

1.31d

1.86bc

Cereal, unsweetened

0.98

1.03

0.72

0.65

0.46

0.59

0.75

<.0001

1.85a

1.86a

1.64bd

1.46bd

1.33c

1.37dc

1.63b

Total Energy (kcal)

2624.4

2560.2

2710.4

2526.6

2733.0

2554.0

2619.5

<.0001

1226.15ab

1191.6b

1221.7ac

1139.2b

1197.31a

1162.8b

1194.5bc

Total Sugar (g)

172.29

169.34

181.36

163.29

182.95

164.73

172.47

<.0001

85.41ae

81.73ce

87.92d

79.1c

91.04bd

81.84ac

84.93e

Total Fat (g)

102.95

102.29

105.76

102.01

105.90

103.17

103.67

0.157

51.08a

50.11a

50.7a

48.67a

48.75a

49.41a

49.89a

Total Saturated Fat (g)

34.72

34.81

35.06

34.17

34.50

34.14

34.59

0.695

17.15a

16.78a

16.73a

16.17a

15.91a

16.12a

16.53a

Number of exercise occasions

2.36

1.09

2.05

0.89

1.71

0.75

1.54

<.0001

1.85a

1.35b

1.81c

1.18d

1.71e

1.1d

1.67g

Children performing no exercise3

254

486

301

662

317

611

2,631

<0.05

(13.4)a

(33.3)b

(17)c

(39.9)d

(23.2)e

(47.7)f

(27.9)g

< 6 hours of night-time sleep3

599

553

678

787

678

717

4,012

<0.05

(31.6)a

(37.9)b

(38.3)b

(47.4)c

(49.6)c

(56)d

(42.5)e

≥ 1 hours of day-time sleep3

1450

1215

1519

1556

1244

1219

8203

<0.05

(76.5)a

(83.3)be

(85.8)b

(93.7)cd

(91)c

(95.2)d

(87.9)e


Data are presented as either means and standard deviation for continuous variables; or N (%) for categorical variables. Uncommon letters denote statistically significant differences abcdefg (P < 0.05).

1 Combination of dates, apples, oranges and bananas

2 Combination of carrots, salad and corn

3 P-values based on z-test for column proportions, adjusted by Bonferroni's correction for multiplicity.

Collison et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:234   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-234

Open Data