Table 2

Univariable meta-regression of attitudes towards intimate partner violence using study and country-specific characteristics as explanatory factors

Variable

Ratio of OR (95% CI)


Study characteristics

Calendar year

2003 -- 2004

1 (reference)

2005 -- 2006

1.42 (1.36, 1.49)

2007

0.62 (0.58, 0.65)

Sample size (per 10,000)

9000 -- 11000

1 (reference)

11000 -- 15900

0.98 (0.93, 1.03)

>16000

4.15 (3.95, 4.36)

Country-covariates*

Polygamous (%)

Low

1 (reference)

Average

1.26 (1.20, 1.32)

High

3.96 (3.77, 4.16)

Gross domestic product per capita

Low

1 (reference)

Average

1.47 (1.40, 1.54)

High

0.28 (0.27, 0.30)

Adult male literacy rate (%)

Low

1 (reference)

Average

0.30 (0.29, 0.32)

High

0.17 (0.16, 0.18)

Female adult literacy rate (%)

Low

1 (reference)

Average

0.39 (0.37, 0.40)

High

0.15 (0.14, 0.16)

Gender development index

Low

1 (reference)

Average

0.22 (0.21, 0.23)

High

0.17 (0.16, 0.18)

Human development index

Low

1 (reference)

Medium

0.23 (0.22, 0.24)

Region

Southern Africa

1 (reference)

Eastern Africa

0.32 (0.30, 0.33)

Western Africa

0.10 (0.09, 0.11)


(Source:* authors construct based on data from UNDP statistics)

Uthman et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:223   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-223

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