Table 2

Bivariate and multivariate analysis of PTSD symptoms among the adult survivors

PTSD,

No. (%)

Bivariate OR

(95% CI)

P Value

Multivariate OR

(95% CI)

P Value


Overall

42 (15.2)

Demographics

Age group

Younger adults (< 60 y)

Elders (≥ 60 y)

11 (8.0)

31 (22.5)

1.00

3.35 (1.61-6.97)

0.001

1.00

3.56 (1.57-8.06)

0.002

Sex

Male

Female

17 (11.5)

25 (19.5)

1.00

1.87 (0.96-3.65)

0.07

Ethnicity

Han

17 (15.5)

1.03 (0.53-2.01)

Ethnic minorities

25 (15.1)

1.00

0.93

Marital status

Married or living together

Others (unmarried, divorced, etc.)

32 (16.0)

10 (13.2)

1.26 (0.59-2.70)

1.00

0.56

Education level

Primary school or lower

Higher than primary school

26 (18.7)

16 (11.7)

1.74 (0.89-3.41)

1.00

0.11

Earthquake-related experiences

Having been in serious danger

Yes

No

33 (19.8)

9 (8.3)

2.74 (1.25-5.98)

1.00

0.01

3.12 (1.32-7.37)

1.00

0.009

Having been seriously injured

Yes

No

10 (30.3)

32 (13.2)

2.87 (1.25-6.58)

1.00

0.01

NA

Having family members or friends seriously injured

Yes

No

11 (22.4)

31 (13.7)

1.83 (0.85-3.96)

1.00

0.12

Having witnessed someone being killed or seriously injured

Yes

27 (19.3)

1.93 (0.98-3.81)

Yes

No

27 (19.3)

15 (11.0)

1.93 (0.98-3.81)

1.00

0.06

Having Lost family members

Yes

No

15 (39.5)

27 (11.3)

5.10 (2.37-10.94)

1.00

<0.001

3.43 (1.46-8.02)

1.00

0.005

Having Lost significant others

Yes

No

23 (23.0)

19 (10.8)

2.47 (1.27-4.80)

1.00

0.008

NA

Having one's house seriously damaged

Yes

1.00

36 (15.9)

6 (12.2)

1.35 (0.54-3.41)

1.00

0.52

Having Lost important belongings

Yes

No

21 (18.6)

21 (12.9)

1.54 (0.80-2.98)

1.00

0.20

Having felt extremely anxious about one's own life

Yes

No

34 (15.0)

8 (16.0)

1.00

1.08 (0.47-2.49)

0.87

Having felt scared that family members or significant

others would die or be seriously injured

Yes

No

40 (15.8)

2 (8.7)

1.97 (0.45-8.74)

1.00

0.37

Having felt guilt concerning someone's death or injury

Yes

No

31 (25.6)

11 (7.1)

4.51 (2.16-9.42)

1.00

<0.001

5.22 (2.32-11.75)

1.00

<0.001

Utilization of mental health services

Yes

No

1 (2.3)

41 (17.7)

1.00

9.23 (1.24-68.97)

0.03

1.00

7.31 (0.93-57.23)

0.06


Notes: NA (not available), is a marker for variables dropped out of the multivariate model.

Jia et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:172   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-172

Open Data