Table 2

Biivariate analysis of risk factors for non-fatal drowning in rural areas, Guangdong, China

Factors

Odds ratio

95% CI


Children's personality

Extrovert

1.00

reference

In-betweens

0.99

0.62-1.59

Introvert

0.94

0.48-1.85

Father's education

Illiteracy

1.00

reference

Elementary school

1.14

0.18-7.30

High school

1.51

0.24- 9.70

Undergraduate

1.43

0.23- 8.80

Postgraduate and over

2.34

0.34-15.97

Mother's education

Illiteracy

1.00

reference

Elementary school

0.62

0.20-1.95

High school

0.58

0.18-1.86

Undergraduate

0.52

0.15-1.75

Postgraduate and over

1.22

0.25-5.95

Water safety education in school

No

1.00

reference

Yes

1.11

0.74-1.67

Can't remember

1.11

0.63-1.94

Household income

High

1.00

reference

Low

1.99

1.01-3.95

warning sign around natural bodies of water

Yes

1.00

reference

No natural bodies of water

0.54

0.31-0.91

Swimming ability

Good

1.00

reference

Incapable of swimming

0.52

0.27-0.98

Poor

3.30

1.69-6.43

Swimming in natural bodies of water without adult supervision in last 12 months

No

1.00

reference

Yes

3.74

2.56-5.45

Fishing in natural waters in absence of adult supervision in last 12 months

No

1.00

reference

Yes

1.58

1.09-2.29

Playing in natural waters in last 12 months

No

1.00

reference

Yes

2.71

1.83-4.01

Diving in natural waters in last 12 months

No

1.00

reference

Yes

2.81

1.88-4.21

Using life vest in water in last 12 months

Yes

1.00

reference

No recreational water activity

0.27

0.16-0.45

Supervisor

father

1.00

reference

mother

0.56

0.36-0.86

Siblings/neighbors/relatives

2.91

1.31-6.43

Supervisor's age

<20

1.00

reference

≥ 30

0.11

0.04-0.28

No supervisor

0.18

0.07-0.46


Ma et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:156   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-156

Open Data