Table 1

Characteristics of 373 children by treatment arm

Vitamin A (n = 124)

Vitamin A + zinc (n = 123)

Multiple micronutrients (n = 126)


HIV-infected childδ

9 (7.3)

11 (8.9)

12 (9.5)

HIV-uninfected child, HIV-infected motherδ

52 (41.9)

52 (42.3)

50 (39.7)

HIV-uninfected child, HIV-uninfected motherδ

63 (50.8)

60 (48.8)

64 (50.8)

Maleδ

72 (58.1)

61 (49.6)

60 (47.6)

Length-for-age Z score*

-0.65 (1.11)

-0.64 (1.27)

-0.71 (1.19)

Weight-for-age Z score*

-0.06 (1.37)

0.06 (1.32)

0.05 (1.34)

Weight-for-length Z score*

0.51 (1.38)

0.58 (1.30)

0.63 (1.38)

Children with stunting at baselineδ

26 (21.0)

20 (16.3)

23 (18.3)

Hemoglobin g/dL*

10.0 (1.29)

10.12 (1.24)

9.99 (1.19)

Duration of observation in months, median (25th - 75th centile)

16.6 (9.3-17.9)

16.5 (8.2-17.7)

15.7 (5.8-17.5)

Children receiving iron therapy during study periodδ

28 (22.8)

26 (21.1)

29 (23.2)


*Values are mean (standard deviation)

δ Values are n (%)

As a Z-score of WHO International Growth References [24]

Chhagan et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:145   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-145

Open Data