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Open Access Research article

Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome among rural original adults in NingXia, China

Zhao Yi, Jin Jing, Liu Xiu-ying, Xu Hongxia, Yang Jianjun and Zhang Yuhong*

Author Affiliations

Public Health School, Ningxia Medical University 1160 Shengli Street, xingqing district, 750004 Yinchuan, Ningxia, PR China

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BMC Public Health 2010, 10:140  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-140

Published: 17 March 2010

Abstract

Background

Metabolic syndrome (MS) is combination of medical disorders that increase people's risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. Little data exists on the prevalence of MS of rural original adults in Ningxia of China.

Methods

A cross-sectional survey method was used and the participants were interviewed by trained health workers under a structured questionnaire in rural of Ningxia in 2008. The number of research subjects was 1612. MS was defined by International Diabetes Federation IDF (2005).

Results

The age-adjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 11.8%, whereas ethnic-specific prevalence was 10.3% in Han ethnic group and 13.7% in Hui ethnic group. Components of MS and MS were more common in Hui ethnic group than Han ethnic group. The mean levels and prevalence of abnormal value increased with increasing age in both ethnic groups (Cochran-Artimage test for trend, Hui ethnic group P < 0.05, Han ethnic group P < 0.01).

Conclusions

The prevalence of MS was high in rural residents' adults in Ningxia. Clustering of MS components and MS was increased with age. The components of MS have big differences among different ethnic groups.