Table 3

Measures of association (fixed effects i.e. odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for multivariable multilevel logistic regression models)

Characteristics

Model 1

(Migration status)

Model 2

(Demographic)

Model 3

(Socio-economic)

Model 4

(Health care utilization)

Model 5

(Community)


OR (95% CI)

OR (95% CI)

OR (95% CI)

OR (95% CI)


Migration status

Rural-urban migrant

1

1

1

1

Rural non-migrant

2.36 (1.75 - 3.19)*

2.03 (1.50 - 2.75)*

1.43 (1.01 - 2.05)**

0.62 (0.43 -0.89)**

1.89 (1.23 - 2.90)*

Urban non-migrant

1.67 (1.20 - 2.32)*

1.54 (1.11 - 2.15)*

1.20 (0.95 - 1.51)

1.13 (0.77 - 1.66)

1.35 (0.88 - 2.07)

Birth order/birth interval

First birth (order 1)

1.16 (0.80 - 1.69)

Order 2-4 & <24 months

1.13 (0.75 - 1.70)

2-4 & medium bi 24-47 months

0.77 (0.47 - 1.26)

Order 2 -4 & 48+ months

1

Order 5+ & < 24 months

0.59 (0.33 - 1.05)

Order 5+ & 24- 47 months

0.64 (0.41 - 0.97)*

Order 5+ & 48+ months

0.98 (0.57 - 1.67)

Sex of child

Female

1.03 (0.82 - 1.30)

Male

1

Mother's age

15 - 18

0.50 (0.22 - 1.12)

19 - 23

0.81 (0.54 - 1.21)

24 - 28

1

29 - 33

1.08 (0.75 - 1.55)

≥ 34

1.54 (1.03 - 2.30)*

Mother's age at birth of first child

18 years or less

0.74 (0.56 - 0.99)**

19+

1

Marital status

Single

1.29 (0.53 - 3.15)

Divorced

1

Married

0.85 (0.49 - 1.47)

Mothers' education

No education

0.72 (0.50 - 1.03)

Primary

0.97 (0.69 - 1.36)

Secondary or higher

1

Mothers' occupation

Not working

0.57 (0.34 - 0.94)*

Agricultural self-employed/agric- ultural employee/household & domestic/unskilled manual occupations

0.82 (0.45 - 1.48)

Clerical/sales/services/skilled manual

0.57 (0.35 - 0.93)*

Professional/Technical/Management

1

Wealth index

Poorest

0.45 (0.26 - 0.77)

Poorer

0.43 (0.26 - 0.70)*

Middle

0.62 (0.41 - 0.95)*

Richer

0.54 (0.37 - 0.78)*

Richest

1

Received tetanus toxoid injection during pregnancy

No

0.49 (0.33 - 0.71)*

Yes

1

Place of delivery

Home

0.67 (0.48 - 0.93)**

Hospital facility

1

Received prenatal care by doctor

No

0.82 (0.59 - 1.13)

Yes

1

Region of residence

North Central

1.11 (0.67 - 1.85)

North East

0.57 (0.30 - 1.11)

North West

0.51 (0.25 - 1.01)

South East

0.61 (0.32 - 1.14)

South South

0.48 (0.26 - 0.92)

South West

1

Community prenatal care by doctor

Low

1.37 (0.79 - 2.39)

High

1

Community hospital delivery

Low

0.48 (0.28 - 0.82)*

Middle

1

High

1.43 (0.88 - 2.33)

Community mothers' education

Low

0.76 (0.51 - 1.12)

Middle

1

High

0.89 (0.60 - 1.32)


Antai BMC Public Health 2010 10:116   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-116

Open Data