Table 3

Socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle and medical history of older adults in each type of social network

Diverse with community participation

Diverse without community participation

Widowed

Nonfriends-restricted

Nonfamily-restricted

Total


n = 404

n = 1484

n = 1071

n = 255

n = 134

n = 3348

I. Socio-demographic characteristics

%

%

%

%

%

%

Sex*

Men

37.9

65.8

28.6

36.1

45.5

47.4

Women

62.1

34.2

71.4

63.9

54.5

52.6

Age*

<75 years

68.8

74.5

59.2

61.2

51.5

67.0

≥75 years

31.2

25.5

40.8

38.8

48.5

33.0

Schooling*, years, mean (SD)

3.1 (2.3)

3.1 (2.1)

2.7(2.2)

2.5 (2.2)

3.1 (2.1)

2.9 (2.2)

State of residence*

Central

14.1

19.3

18.8

54.5

14.9

21.0

South

40.8

25.2

28.6

12.2

28.4

27.3

West

27.5

25.0

23.8

18.0

20.9

24.2

North

17.6

30.5

28.8

15.3

35.8

27.5

II. Lifestyle

Physical activity*

Regular

33.4

34.9

27.7

26.7

32.8

31.7

Irregular and physical inactivity

66.6

65.1

72.3

73.3

67.2

68.3

Diet*

Healthy diet

80.0

76.5

76.5

58.8

78.4

75.7

Unhealthy diet

20.0

23.5

23.5

41.2

21.6

24.3

Smoking*

No

69.1

54.7

67.6

63.1

65.7

61.6

Yes

30.9

45.3

32.4

36.9

34.3

38.4

III. Self-rated health*

Positive

34.9

39.2

33.6

25.5

35.8

35.7

Negative

65.1

60.8

66.4

74.5

64.2

64.3

IV. Medical history

Number of chronic diseases*, mean (SD)

1.3 (1.1)

1.2 (1.1)

1.4 (1.1)

1.4 (1.2)

1.3 (1.1)

1.3 (1.1)

Depression*

Absent

81.2

84.6

76.0

60.4

79.9

79.4

Probable depression

14.4

12.6

17.1

27.5

14.1

15.5

Established depression

4.4

2.8

6.9

12.1

6.0

5.1

Dependence in basic and instrumental activities*

Independent

90.1

88.6

82.0

80.4

82.8

85.8

Dependent

9.9

11.4

18.0

19.6

17.2

14.2


*p < 0.05

Doubova (Dubova) et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:104   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-104

Open Data