Table 1

Types of social networks

Diverse with community participation

Diverse without community participation

Widowed

Nonfriends-restricted

Nonfamily-restricted

Total


n = 404

n = 1484

n = 1071

n = 255

n = 134

n = 3348

Total number of family members, mean (SD)a

6.3 (3.0)

6.8 (2.9)

6.3 (3.2)

7.3 (2.9)

1.2 (1.3)

6.4 (3.2)

Having life partner,%

49.8

100.0

0.0

53.3

32.8

55.7

Having children, %

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.0

96.0

Having friends, %

100.0

100.0

100.0

0.0

93.3

92.1

Belonging to a community group,%

100.0

0.0

0.0

9.2

11.2

13.2

Frequency of contact with familyb, mean (SD)

7.1 (2.4)

7.9 (1.4)

6.6 (2.6)

6.9 (2.4)

5.8 (2.8)

7.2 (2.2)

Frequency of contact with friendsc, mean (SD)

3.9 (1.2)

3.5 (1.3)

3.5 (1.4)

0.0 (0.1)

3.3 (1.7)

3.3 (1.6)


a SD - Standard deviation

bFrequency of personal contact with family, scale of 0 to 10: sum of contacts with family living inside (0-5) and outside (0-5) of the home of the elderly adult.

cFrequency of personal contact with friends, scale of 0 to 5: 0 = no contact, 1 = less than monthly contact, 2 = monthly, 3 = every two weeks, 4 = weekly and 5 = daily.

Doubova (Dubova) et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10:104   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-104

Open Data