Table 4

Lifetime rate of axis-II disorders in adults with autism spectrum disorders (N = 117)

Criteria met DSM-IV


Autistic disorder

(N=5)

Asperger's disorder

(N=62)

PDD NOS

(N=50)

Total

(N=117)

AS – PDD NOSa

Male

(N=77)

Female

(N=40)

Male – Femalea


N

%

N

%

N

%

N

%

χ2 (df = 1)

p

N

%

N

%

χ2 (df = 1)

p


Personality disorders

≥ 1 PD

1

20

42

68

30

60

73

62

0.72

0.43

46

60

27

68

0.68

0.43

≥ 2 PD

0

0

25

40

16

32

41

35

0.83

0.43

28

36

13

33

0.18

0.84

≥ 3 PD

0

0

11

18

9

18

20

17

0.00

1.00

13

17

7

18

0.01

1.00

Paranoid

0

0

12

19

10

20

22

19

0.01

1.00

15

20

7

18

0.07

1.00

Schizotypal

0

0

10

16

5

10

15

13

0.90

0.41

12

16

3

8

1.54

0.26

Schizoid

0

0

13

21

12

24

25

21

0.15

0.82

11

14

14

35

6.72

0.02

Histrionic

-

-

-

-

-

-

0

0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Narcissistic

0

0

1

2

2

4

3

3

0.61

0.59

2

3

1

3

0.00

1.00

Borderline

0

0

4

7

6

12

10

9

1.05

0.34

4

5

6

15

3.24

0.09

Antisocial

0

0

0

0

4

8

4

3

5.14

0.04

3

4

1

3

0.16

1.00

Avoidant

0

0

18

29

11

22

29

25

0.62

0.52

21

28

8

20

0.81

0.50

Dependent

0

0

2

3

4

8

6

5

1.24

0.41

3

4

3

8

0.70

0.41

Obsessive

1

20

25

40

11

22

37

32

4.26

0.04

23

30

14

35

0.32

0.68

PD NOS

-

-

-

-

-

-

0

0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


aFisher's exact χ2 test

Hofvander et al. BMC Psychiatry 2009 9:35   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-9-35

Open Data