Table 4

Results of hierarchical regression for predictors of parenting stress

Predictor Variables

B

β

sr2

t

p


Model 1

F(10, 147) = 6.82, p < .001 R2 = .32

Age

.06

.01

.00

.09

.94

Income

-3.12

-.10

-.02

-1.40

.31

History of Depression

1.49

.10

.01

1.30

.15

History of Abuse

1.03

.06

.00

.76

.39

History of Miscarriage/Abortion

1.82

-.04

-.07

-.50

.74

Major Life Events

-6.12

-.11

-.20

-1.47

.13

Antenatal Anxiety

9.15

.32

.07

3.91

.00***

Negative Cognitive Style

-.10

-.05

-.08

-.56

.64

Self-Esteem

-1.80

-.24

-.33

-2.43

.04

Social Support

-5.23

-.09

-.12

-.90

.20


Model 2

F(1, 146) = 6.56, p < .001 R2 = .35

Age

-.16

-.02

-.04

-.28

.81

Income

-2.57

-.09

.16

-1.17

.43

History of Depression

1.73

.11

.01

1.53

.10

History of Abuse

.87

.05

.00

.65

.47

History of Miscarriage/Abortion

-1.78

-.04

-.07

-.50

.72

Major Life Events

-6.99

-.12

-.23

-1.70

.08

Antenatal Anxiety

5.73

.20

.02

2.15

.03*

Negative Cognitive Style

-.22

-.10

-.15

-1.15

.25

Self-Esteem

-1.07

-.14

-.18

-1.37

.28

Social Support

-4.52

-.07

-.11

-.80

.25

Antenatal Depression

8.75

.29

.03

2.55

.01*


Model 3

F(1, 145) = 28.18, p < .001

Age

-.07

-.01

-.02

-.04

.97

Income

-2.10

-.07

-.13

-.61

.54

History of Depression

.31

.02

.00

.50

.62

History of Abuse

-.07

-.00

-.01

-.05

.96

History of Miscarriage/Abortion

.72

.01

.00

.36

.72

Major Life Events

-6.94

-.12

-.22

-1.90

.06

Antenatal Anxiety

2.95

.10

.01

1.23

.22

Negative Cognitive Style

-.15

-.07

-.11

-.77

.45

Self-Esteem

-1.22

-.16

-.21

-1.36

.17

Social Support

-3.20

-.05

-.07

-1.01

.32

Antenatal Depression

-.24

-.01

-.01

-.02

.98

Postnatal Depression

15.51

.52

.11

5.31

.00***

R = .67

R2 = .45***

Adjusted R2 = .41

Standard Error = 28.34


*p < .05, ***p < .001.

B = unstandardised regression coefficients, β = standardised regression coefficients, sr2 = semipartial correlations

Leigh and Milgrom BMC Psychiatry 2008 8:24   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-8-24

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