Table 1

Percentage of Australian and Japanese respondents who 'agree' or 'strongly agree' with each statement from the Personal stigma scale

Statement

Depression Vignette

Depression/Suicidal Vignette

Early Schizophrenia Vignette

Chronic Schizophrenia Vignette


Person could snap out of the problem

Australian

24.7 (21.7%–27.9%)

22.7 (19.9%–25.7%)

18.3 (15.6%–21.3%)

17.9 (15.0%–21.2%)

Japanese

47.2 * d (42.8%–51.6%)

49.4 * d (45.0%–53.8%)

41.2* (36.9%–45.5%)

36.4 * a,b (32.2%–40.6%)

Problem is a sign of personal weakness

Australian

13.4 (11.0%–16.2%)

16.9 (14.4%–19.6%)

19.3 (16.6%–22.4%)

14.0 (11.7%–16.7%)

Japanese

45.4* (41.0%–49.8%)

45.0* (40.6%–49.4%)

46.6* (42.2%–51.0%)

46.0* (41.6%–50.4%)

Problem is not a real medical illness

Australian

14.6 (12.3%–17.1%)

15.2 (13.0%–17.8%)

14.9 (12.7%–17.4%)

13.9 (11.7%–16.6%)

Japanese

40.2* (35.9%–44.5%)

38.4* (34.1%–42.7%)

31.4* (27.3%–35.5%)

35.8* (31.6%–40.0%)

People with this problem are dangerous

Australian

11.9 c,d (9.8%–14.3%)

18.3 c (15.7%–21.2%)

24.9 a,b (22.2%–27.8%)

22.5 a (19.6%–25.7%)

Japanese

14.6 d (11.5%–17.7%)

16.0 d (12.8%–19.2%)

20.4 d (16.9%–23.9%)

37.6 * a,b,c (33.3%–41.9%)

Avoid people with this problem

Australian

6.9 (5.3%–9.0%)

4.7 (3.5%–6.4%)

4.9 (3.6%–6.6%)

5.2 (3.9%–7.0%)

Japanese

7.8 d (5.4%–10.2%)

5.8 c,d (3.7%–7.9%)

11.8 *,b (9.0%–14.6%)

17.8 * a,b (14.4%–21.2%)

People with this problem are unpredictable

Australian

42.2 c,d (38.8%–45.6%)

51.1 c,d (47.6%–54.5%)

67.1 a,b (63.9%–70.1%)

67.5 a,b (64.1%–70.7%)

Japanese

18.6 * c,d (15.2%–22.0%)

20.0 * c,d (16.5%–23.5%)

31.0 * a,b,d (26.9%–35.1%)

45.6 * a,b,c (41.2%–50.0%)

If I had this problem I wouldn't tell anyone

Australian

17.0 c,d (14.5%–19.9%)

21.5 d (18.8%–24.3%)

26.7 a (23.8%–29.8%)

31.1 a,b (28.1%–34.3%)

Japanese

26.8 * d (22.9%–30.7%)

24.8 c,d (21.0%–28.6%)

35.0 b (30.8%–39.2%)

37.2 a,b (32.9%–41.5%)

I would not employ someone with this problem

Australian

21.6 d (19.2%–24.3%)

22.5 d (19.8%–25.4%)

24.8 (22.0%–27.9%)

32.4 a,b (29.2%–35.8%)

Japanese

38.6 * d (34.3%–42.9%)

38.6 * d (34.3%–42.9%)

47.6 * d (43.2%–52.0%)

61.2 * a,b,c (56.9%–65.5%)

I would not vote for a politician with this problem

Australian

30.1 d (26.9%–33.4%)

32.5 d (29.4%–35.8%)

35.3 d (32.2%–38.5%)

45.7 a,b,c (42.5%–49.0%)

Japanese

58.0 * d (53.7%–62.3%)

53.8 * d (49.4%–58.2%)

58.0 * d (53.7%–62.3%)

73.8 * a,b,c (69.9%–77.7%)


symbols flagging table entries denote a small (Cohen's h ≥ 0.2) to moderate (Cohen's h ≥ 0.5) effect size relative to a depression; bdepression with suicidal ideation; cearly schizophrenia; dchronic schizophrenia; *Australian prevalence

Unbolded symbols indicate a small effect size. Bolded symbols denote a moderate effect size.

Griffiths et al. BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:21   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-6-21

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