Table 5

CES-D scores at pretest as a function of treatment use and summary of regressions predicting treatment use from CES-D at pre-intervention

Specific Treatmentsa

Meanb

SE

N

Meanb

SE

N

OR

p

95% CI


Evidence Based

Antidepressants

24.08

11.25

108

19.97

9.35

306

1.04

.000**

1.02–1.07

VBT

22.94

10.09

62

20.71

10.00

352

1.02

.108

1.00–1.05

Self-help books

24.44

9.40

96

20.02

10.00

318

1.05

.000**

1.02–1.07

Exercise

21.27

9.83

260

20.66

10.37

154

1.01

.557

.99–1.03

Yoga

22.11

10.15

44

20.92

10.02

370

1.01

.462

.98–1.04

Massage

21.33

9.21

72

20.99

10.21

342

1.00

.808

.98–1.03

Relaxation therapy

21.94

9.84

51

20.92

10.06

363

1.01

.513

.98–1.04

Cut out alcohol

22.72

10.20

68

20.72

9.98

346

1.02

.134

.99–1.05

Use vitamins

24.28

9.57

57

20.53

10.02

357

1.04

.009*

1.01–1.07

Non-evidence based

Counselling

23.49

9.72

47

20.73

10.04

367

1.03

.077

1.00–1.06

Eating chocolate

22.68

9.67

96

22.68

10.12

318

1.02

.071

1.00–1.04

Listening to music

21.44

9.81

220

20.60

10.29

194

1.01

.389

.99–1.03

Being with pets

21.78

10.47

201

20.36

9.58

213

1.01

.147

.10–1.03

Doing things you enjoy

21.05

10.04

245

21.04

10.04

169

1.00

.992

.98–1.02

Meditation

20.62

10.44

61

21.12

9.97

353

1.00

.702

.97–1.02

Avoiding caffeine

21.96

9.68

45

20.94

10.08

369

1.01

.522

.98–1.04

Use alcohol

23.85

9.99

85

20.32

9.93

329

1.04

.004*

1.01–1.06

Sources of Help

GP

24.41

9.96

99

19.99

9.83

315

1.05

.000**

1.02–1.07

Counsellor/psychologist

24.11

10.79

61

20.52

9.81

353

1.01

.522

.98–1.04

Family and friends

21.42

10.22

267

20.36

9.67

147

1.01

.289

.99–1.03

Categories of Treatmentsc

B

p

95% CI


Professional treatments (0–6)

.03

.000*

.02-.05

Everyday treatments (0–4)

.01

.101

.00-.03

Complementary treatments (0–4)

.00

.640

-.01-.01

Dietary treatments (0–6)

.00

.187

.00-.01


Notes: a: Logistic regressions adjusting for condition.

b: Estimated marginal means adjusted for mean CESD at pre-intervention (21.05).

c: Linear regressions adjusting for condition.

Christensen et al. BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:13   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-6-13

Open Data