Table 3

CES-D scores at post intervention as a function of treatment use and summary of regressions predicting CES-D scores at post intervention

Treatment Users

Treatment Non Users

Regression Statistics


Specific Treatments

Meanb

SE

N

Meanb

SE

N

B

SE

p

95%CI


Evidence Based

Antidepressants

18.46

.86

108

16.90

.50

306

1.58

.98

.106

-.34 – 3.50

CBT

17.99

1.12

62

17.18

.47

352

1.97

1.23

.108

-.44 – 4.38

Self-help books

17.25

.91

96

17.32

.50

318

.24

1.02

.812

-1.77 – 2.25

Exercise

17.30

.55

260

17.31

.71

154

.00

.88

.998

-1.73 – 1.73

Yoga

17.48

1.33

44

17.28

.46

370

.41

1.38

.766

-2.29 – 3.11

Massage

16.19

1.04

72

17.54

.48

342

-1.12

1.12

.997

-3.33 – 1.09

Relaxation therapy

13.38

1.22

51

17.86

.46

356

-3.83

1.29

.003*

-6.35 – -.30

Cut out alcohol

17.68

1.07

68

17.23

.47

346

.48

1.15

.677

-1.78 – 2.73

Use vitamins

16.57

1.17

57

17.42

.47

357

-1.10

1.24

.378

-3.53 – 1.34

Non-evidence based

Counselling

19.54

1.28

47

17.02

.46

367

2.17

1.34

.105

-.46 – 4.81

Eating chocolate

16.91

.90

96

17.42

.49

318

-.45

1.01

.659

-2.43 – 1.54

Listening to music

17.61

.59

220

16.95

.63

194

.33

.86

.703

-1.36 – 2.02

Being with pets

16.73

.62

201

17.85

.60

213

-1.35

.85

.114

-3.02 – .32

Doing things you enjoy

15.72

.55

245

19.6

.66

169

-3.95

.84

.000**

-5.60 – -2.31

Meditation

16.42

1.13

61

17.46

.47

353

-.75

1.20

.531

-3.10 – 1.60

Avoiding caffeine

15.88

1.31

45

17.48

.46

369

-1.49

1.36

.273

-4.16 – 1.18

Use alcohol

19.35

.96

85

16.78

.48

329

2.29

1.05

.030*

.22 – 4.37

Sources of Help

GP

18.20

.90

99

17.02

.50

315

1.35

1.01

.183

-.64 – 3.33

Counsellor/psychologist

19.14

1.13

61

16.07

.47

353

2.09

1.20

.083

-.28 – 4.46

Family and friends

17.83

.54

267

16.35

.72

147

1.10

.89

.281

-.65 – 2.85

Categories of Treatments

Professional treatments (0–6)

.74

.32

.021*

.11 – 1.37

Everyday treatments (0–4)

-.39

.26

.133

-.87 – .12

Complementary treatments (0–4)

-.89

.51

.079

-1.88 – .10

Dietary treatments (0–6)

.24

.52

.646

-.78 – 1.23


Notes: a: Linear regression was used for all analyses adjusting for condition and pre-intervention depression.

b: Estimated marginal means adjusted for mean CESD at pre-intervention (21.05).

Christensen et al. BMC Psychiatry 2006 6:13   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-6-13

Open Data