Table 2

Description of the 27 studies included in this meta-analysis

Study

Year

Origin

Diagnostic criteria

Methods

Number of diagnoses

n Suicide

With a Dx (%)

n Control

with a Dx (%)

Matched


Appleby et al.[151]*

1999

England

ICD-10

Official records and interviews

Multiple

84

76 (90%)

64

17 (27%)

Living ± 5 year and sex

Apter et al.[145]*

1993

Israel

DSM-III

Official records and interviews

Principal

43

35 (81%)

Asgard U.[147]*

1990

Sweden

RDC

Official records and interviews

Principal

104

99 (95%)

Cavanagh et al.[14]

1999

Scotland

DSM-III

Official records and interviews

Principal

45

44 (98%)

Cheng et al.[16]*

1995

Taiwan

DSM-III-R

Official records and interviews

Multiple

116

114 (98%)

226

130 (58%)

Living ± 5 years, sex, area of residence

Conwell et al.[156]*

1996

USA

DSM-III-R

Official records and interviews

Multiple

141

127 (90%)

Foster et al.[142,144]

1997/1999

Ireland

DSM-III-R

Official records and interviews

Multiple

118

106 (90%)

117

30 (26%)

List of deceased's GP Age, gender, marital status

Harwood et al.[17]*

2001

England

ICD-10

Official records and interviews

Multiple

100

93 (93%)

54

N/A

Natural deaths Age and sex

Hawton et al.[10]

2002

England

ICD-10

Official records and interviews

Multiple

42

38 (90%)

84

6 (7%)

Living nurses ± 10 years, specialty and seniority

Henriksson et al.[11]

1993

Finland

DSM-III-R

Official records and interviews

Multiple

229

225 (98%)

Houston et al.[12]

2001

England

ICD-10

Official records and interviews

Multiple

47

40 (85%)

Lesage et al.[150]

1994

Canada

DSM-III-R

Official records and interviews

Multiple

75

69 (92%)

75

N/A

Living Neighbourhood, age, marital status and occupation

Phillips et al.[9]*

2002

China

DSM-IV

Interviews with informants

Principal

519

325 (63%)

536

93 (17%)

Accidental deaths Geographical areas

Rich et al.[143]

1986

USA

DSM-III

Official records and interviews

Multiple

283

258 (91%)

Runeson B.[153]

1989

Sweden

DSM-III-R

Official records and interviews

Principal

58

57 (98%)

Shaffer et al.[18]*

1996

USA

DSM-III

Official records and interviews

Multiple

119

108 (91%)

Shaffi et al.[13]*

1988

USA

DSM-III

Official records and interviews

Multiple

21

20 (95%)

21

11 (52%)

Living friends Sex, age, race, education, religion, income, and father's education

Vijayakumar et al.[159]*

1999

India

DSM-III-R

Official records and interviews

Principal

100

88 (88%)

100

14 (14%)

Living SES, sex and ± 2 years

Waern et al.[154]*

2002

Sweden

DSM-IV

Official records and interviews

Multiple

85

82 (96%)

153

28 (18%)

Living Sex, ± 2 years

Boardman et al.[152]

1999

England

ICD-10

Multiple official records

Multiple

212

151 (71%)

212

40 (19%)

Unnatural deaths ± 5 years and sex

Cantor et al.[157]

1989

Australia

DSM-III-R

Multiple official records

Principal

47

41 (87%)

Groholt et al.[149]*

1997

Norway

DSM-III-R

Multiple official records

Multiple

121

90 (74%)

Thacore et al.[158]

2000

Australia

ICD-9

Multiple official records

Principal

75

46 (65%)

Graham et al.[15]

1992

Australia

DSM-III

Multiple official records

Multiple

136

120 (88%)

Brent et al.[148]

1999

USA

DSM-III

Interviews with informants

Multiple

140

115 (82%)

131

32 (24%)

Living Age, race, gender, country and SES

Cerel et al.[155]

2000

USA

RDC

Interviews with informants

Multiple

15

13 (87%)

201

70 (35%)

Non-suicide bereaved family

Arato et al.[146]*

1987

Hungary

RDC

Interviews with informants

Principal

200

162 (81%)


* Based on axis I disorders only.

N/A – information not available or not clear

Arsenault-Lapierre et al. BMC Psychiatry 2004 4:37   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-4-37

Open Data