Table 2

Studies of clinical practice

Ratio of means of administration IV : IM

Drug of choice

Frequency of use

mean dose in mg (range)

Second injection

Complications / comments


UK 1992[3]

1:1

Diazepam

(Most frequent)

27 (10–80)

26%

1 hypotension

Haloperidol

22 (10–60)

1 cardiorespitory arrest (60 mg haloperidol + 80 mg DZ)

Chlorpromazine

I

162 (50–400)

1 tachycardia, 1 hypotension

Droperidol

I

14 (10–20)

26%

Paraldehyde

I

1 respiratory distress

Amytal

Lorazepam

Nitrazepam

(Least frequent)


France 1999[10]

0:80

Loxapine

80%

200 mg

6%

2 with acute dystonia

Droperidol

5%

Chlorazepate

5%

Mostly people with substance abuse (study in General Emergency Room)

Cyamemazine

6%

Diazepam

< 2%

Sultopride

Meprobamate


Huf et al. BMC Psychiatry 2002 2:4   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-2-4

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