Table 1

Patients’ socio-demographic characteristics at enrolment (N = 637)
Description Values Non naïve (N = 574) Naïve (N = 63) p-value
Gender:
Males, n (%) 414 (65.0) 374 (65.2) 40 (63.5) 0.793*
Age (years):
Median (min-max) 31.0 (18–40) 32.0 (18–40) 28.0 (18–40) <0.0001
Mean (SD) 30.9 (5.49) 31.2 (5.4) 28.3 (5.9)
Body Mass Index:
Mean (SD) 27.2 (5.3) 27.4 (5.4) 25.2 (4.3) 0.002
Education:
Primary school, n (%) 27 (4.2) 25 (4.4) 2 (3.2) 0.164**
Lower secondary school, n (%) 301 (47.3) 277 (48.3) 24 (38.1)
Upper secondary school, n (%) 271 (42.5) 240 (41.8) 31 (49.2)
Graduate/post-graduate, n (%) 38 (6.0) 32 (5.6) 6 (9.5)
Marital status:
Single, n (%) 546 (85.7) 494 (86.1) 52 (82.5) 0.576**
Married, n (%) 66 (10.3) 57 (9.9) 9 (14.3)
Divorced/separated, n (%) 24 (3.8) 22 (3.8) 2 (3.2)
Widow, n (%) 1 (0.2) 1 (0.2) 0
Family and caregiver:
Patients living alone, n (%) 28 (4.4) 25 (4.4) 3 (4.8) 0.751**
Patients with a caregiver, n (%) 309 (48.5) 299 (52.1) 29 (46.0) 0.619*
Working status:
Idle, n (%) 336 (52.8) 313 (54.5) 24 (38.1) 0.100**
Working$, n (%) 225 (35.3) 200 (34.8) 24 (38.1)
Student, n (%) 60 (9.4) 48 (8.4) 12 (19.0)
Housewife, n (%) 16 (2.5) 13 (2.3) 3 (4.8)
Economic support for schizophrenic condition:
Disability pension, n (%) 187 (29.4) 185 (32.2) 2 (3.2) <0.0001**
Sickness benefit, n (%) 7 (1.1) 7 (1.2) 0
Both, n (%) 5 (0.8) 5 (0.9) 0

* A Chi-square test was applied.

** A Fisher’s exact test was applied.

‡ An independent sample Student’s t-test was applied.

$The term “working”refers to subjects with paid work and unpaid work (e.g., intern, apprenticeship).

Cortesi et al.

Cortesi et al. BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:98   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-13-98

Open Data