Table 1

Demographic, diagnostic, premorbid, pre-treatment and service entry factors related to gender in FEPM patients
Gender 95% CI of OR p value
Male Female OR LCI UCI
Variable (n=71) (n=47)
Pre-treatment variables
Years in school M (SD) 11.2 (1.3) 11.0 (1.6) 1.12 0.86 1.45 .395
Pre-morbid GAF M (SD) 73.9 (11.5) 74.8 (9.4) 0.99 0.96 1.03 .638
Duration of prodrome (in days) a M (SD) 363.0 (640.0) 227.2 (338.0) 1.15 0.83 1.60 .398
Duration of untreated psychosis (in days) a M (SD) 41.4 (197.2) 64.93 (190.9) 0.76 0.50 1.16 .204
Age at onset (years) M (SD) 22.0 (3.0) 22.5 (3.6) 0.95 0.85 1.07 .387
Past history of suicide attempt (%Yes) % (n) 2.8 (2) 8.7 (4) 0.30 0.05 1.73 .180
Family history of psychiatric disorder % (n) 60.9 (42) 72.1 (31) 0.60 0.26 1.37 .227
Diagnostic variables
Past history
Major depressive disorder % (n) 49.3 (35) 63.8 (30) 0.55 0.26 1.17 .122
Substance use disorder (SUD) (%Yes) % (n) 91.5 (65) 44.7 (21) 13.41 4.86 37.01 <.001
Sexual abuse % (n) 5.6 (4) 29.8 (14) 0.14 0.04 0.46 .001
Physical abuse % (n) 14.1 (10) 19.1 (9) 0.69 0.26 1.86 .465
Forensic issues % (n) 30.4 (21) 8.5 (4) 4.71 1.50 14.79 .008
At service entry
Comorbid psychiatric disorder (%Yes) % (n) 4.2 (3) 4.3 (2) 1.01 0.16 6.27 .994
Substance use disorder (SUD) (%Yes) % (n) 74.6 (53) 42.6 (20) 3.98 1.81 8.74 .001
Cannabis % (n) 54.9 (39) 36.2 (17) 2.15 1.01 4.58 .047
Alcohol % (n) 11.3 (8) 12.8 (6) 0.87 0.28 2.68 .805
Polysubstance % (n) 14.1 (10) 8.5 (4) 1.76 0.52 5.99 .364
Baseline variables
Age at service entry M (SD) 22.3 (3.0) 22.7 (3.4) 0.96 0.85 1.08 .469
Symptoms at entry
CGI-S severity score M (SD) 5.8 (0.8) 5.5 (0.7) 1.72 1.03 2.86 .037
CGI-BP depression M (SD) 1.5 (1.3) 1.4 (1.3) 1.11 0.81 1.51 .520
CGI-BP mania M (SD) 4.7 (1.8) 4.6 (1.5) 1.05 0.84 1.31 .657
Insight at entry (%No) % (n) 76.1 (54) 65.2 (30) 1.69 0.75 3.83 .205
Functional level at entry
Employment/occupation (%Yes) % (n) 63.4 (45) 72.3 (34) 0.66 0.30 1.47 .312
GAF M (SD) 29.7 (10.1) 33.5 (9.1) 0.96 0.92 0.99 .045
Living with family % (n) 54.3 (38) 44.7 (21) 1.47 0.70 3.09 .309

Note: OR - odds ratio; LCI - lower confidence interval; UCI - upper confidence interval; CGI-S - Clinical Global Impressions Scale - Severity; CGI-BP - Clinical Global Impressions Scale - Bipolar Disorder; GAF - Global Assessment of Functioning.

a Raw data are presented, however the test statistics were based on log10 (+constant) transformed data because of extreme positive skewness.

Cotton et al.

Cotton et al. BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:82   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-13-82

Open Data