ADHD symptomatology in eating disorders: a secondary psychopathological measure of severity?
1 Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain
2 CIBER Fisiología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn), Instituto Salud Carlos III, Barcelona, Spain
3 Clinical Sciences Department, School of Medicine, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
4 Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Vall d´Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
5 CIBER Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Instituto Salud Carlos III, Barcelona, Spain
6 Department of Psychiatry and Legal Medicine, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
7 Departament de Psicobiologia i Metodologia, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
8 Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
BMC Psychiatry 2013, 13:166 doi:10.1186/1471-244X-13-166Published: 11 June 2013
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has commonly been described in psychiatric disorders. Although several studies have found positive associations between abnormal eating patterns during childhood and ADHD, there is a lack of studies on ADHD and Eating Disorders (ED). The aims of this exploratory study were 1) to assess the ADHD symptoms level in ED and to ascertain whether there are differences among ED subtypes; 2) to analyze whether the presence of ADHD symptoms is associated with more severe eating disorder symptoms and greater general psychopathology; and 3) to assess whether the ADHD symptoms level is associated with specific temperament and character traits.
191 female ED patients were included. Assessment was carried out with the EDI-2, ASRS-v1.1, the SCL-90-R and the TCI-R.
The ADHD symptoms level was similar in bulimia, eating disorder not otherwise specified and binge eating subtypes, and lower in anorexic patients. Obsessiveness and Hostility were significantly positively associated with ADHD symptoms. A path model showed that ADHD was associated with high Novelty Seeking and low Self-Directedness, whereas ED severity was influenced by ADHD severity and low Self-Directedness.
Bingeing/purging ED subtypes have a high ADHD symptoms level, also related with more severe eating, general and personality psychopathology.