Table 2

Clinical risk factors by probable HIV dementia (PHD)
Clinical condition Number in study (N,%) Probable HIV dementia (n,%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR§ (95% CI)
Diagnosis of post traumatic stress disorder P=0.303 P=0.302
Present 10 (1.6) 8 (80.0) 2.27 (0.48-10.8) 2.28 (0.48-10.91)
Diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder P=0.166 P=0.5730
Present 5 (0.81) 5 (100) P=0.559 P= 0.5309
Alcohol dependency disorder P=0.561 P=0.573
Present 4 (0.65) 2 (50.0) 0.56 (0.08-3.99) 0.56 (0.08-4.11)
Major depressive disorder P=0.531 P=0.514
Present 50 (8.1) 30 (60.0) 0.83 (0.46-1.49) 0.82 (0.45-1.49)
Most Recent CD4 count (cellsL) P=0.088 P=0.061
<100 66 (12.5) 52 (78.8) 1 1
100-249 159 (30.2) 105 (66.0) 0.52 (0.27-1.03) 0.52 (0.26-1.03)
250-349 81 (15.4) 46 (56.8) 0.35 (0.17-0.74) 0.34 (0.16-0.72)
350+ 220 (35.6) 142 (64.6) 0.49 (0.26-0.94) 0.47 (0.24-0.91)
BMI Index P=0.205 P=0.166
Underweight 56 (9.2) 32 (57.1) 1 1
Normal 388 (64.9) 262 (67.5) 1.56 (0.88-2.76) 1.58 (0.88-2.81)
Overweight 117 (20.0) 65 (55.6) 0.94 (0.49-1.78) 0.93 (0.48-1.80)
Obese 35 (5.9) 20 (57.1) 1.00 (0.42-2.35) 0.93 (0.38-2.24)
ON HAART P=0.559 P=0.5309
Yes 399 (64.6) 259 (64.1) 1.11 (0.79-1.56) 1.09 (0.76-1.58)
No 219 (35.4) 137 (62.6) 1 1

Note:§ Adjusted for age and sex.

Nakku et al.

Nakku et al. BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:126   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-13-126

Open Data