Table 1

Comparisons of sociodemographic characteristics, psychosocial conditions, and physical health between groups of cases and matched controls (N = 248)
Variable Mean ± SD / Number (%)
Controls Cases p value1
(n = 124) (n = 124)
Age 35.17 ± 13.59 34.73 ± 12.81 --
Gender
 Female 100 (80.65%) 100 (80.65%) --
 Male 24 (19.35%) 24 (19.35%)
Marital status <0.05*
 Single 68 (54.84%) 63 (50.81%)
 Married/cohabitation 51 (41.13%) 43 (34.68%)
 Divorced/separated/widowed 5 (4.03%) 18 (14.52%)
Years of education 14.28 ± 3.95 10.90 ± 3.63 <0.01*
Employment status
 Currently employed 81 (65.32%) 66 (53.23%)
 Housewife/student/retired 40 (32.26%) 35 (28.23%) <0.01*
 Jobless 3 (2.42%) 23 (18.55%)
Religion
 None 73 (58.87%) 73 (58.87%) 0.32
 Any 39 (31.45%) 51 (41.13%)
Social support subscale (CPQ)
 Confiding support 23.39 ± 4.91 21.75 ± 4.20 <0.01*
 Practical support 8.10 ± 2.09 7.45 ± 2.30 <0.05*
 Negative aspects 7.35 ± 2.36 6.94 ± 2.43 0.17
Social network subscale (CPQ)
 Isolation 1.77 ± 1.22 2.57 ± 1.35 <0.01*
 Network beyond the household 10.08 ± 4.31 8.31 ± 3.84 <0.01*
 Household size 1.40 ± 0.78 1.40 ± 0.79 0.94
PHQ-9 score 4.28 ± 3.99 14.48 ± 7.07 <0.01*
Number of physical illness 0.86 ± 0.99 1.41 ± 0.79 <0.01*
Number of major life events 0.65 ± 0.98 0.65 ± 0.82 0.99

1 Chi-square tests for categorical variables and paired t-tests for continuous variables.

Abbreviations: Standardised deviation (SD), Close Persons Questionnaire (CPQ), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ). * Statistical significance.

Wu et al.

Wu et al. BMC Psychiatry 2013 13:101   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-13-101

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