Table 4

Results for instruments assessing changes in knowledge and attitudes
Instrument Baseline Post-training Follow-up Sig Test Change Baseline to Post-training Change Baseline to Follow-up
Knowledge of Eating Disorder Symptoms (mean total score) 3.4 3.4 3.1 p = .4
MHLQ-B
 Problem recognised as BN (%) 17.8 42.5 28.8 p = .001 p < .001 p = .115
 Problem recognised as any EDA (%) 45.2 78.1 64.4 p < .001 p < .001 p = .007
 Problem recognised as general mental health problemB (%) 49.3 21.9 27.4 p < .001 p < .001 p = .002
 knowledge of effective treatments scaleC (mean total score) 4.7 6.4 5.4 p < .001 p < .001 p < .001
 knowledge of informal help-seeking scale (mean total score) 2.8 3.2 3.0 p = .007 p = .004 p = .054
First Aid Knowledge Test (mean total score) 16.1 23.2 20.4 p < .001 p < .001 p < .001
Mental Health First Aid Questions
 item 5 - ALGEE (mean total score) 2.0 4.0 3.0 p < .001 p < .001 p = .089
Social Distance Scale (mean total score) 16.0 16.2 15.6
MHLQ-B
How distressing do you think it would be to have Kelly's problem? p = .51
 Extremely (%) 38.4 39.7 43.8
 Very (%) 53.4 56.2 49.3
 Moderately (%) 8.2 4.1 6.8
 A little (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0
 Not at all (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0
How sympathetic would you be towards someone with Kelly's problem? p = .002 p = .001 p = .17
 Extremely (%) 24.7 39.7 30.1
 Very (%) 56.2 50.7 53.4
 Moderately (%) 16.4 9.6 16.4
 A little (%) 2.7 0.0 0.0
 Not at all (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0
Have you ever thought it might not be too bad to be like Kelly? p = .07
 Always (%) 1.4 0.0 1.4
 Often (%) 6.8 5.5 6.8
 Occasionally (%) 19.2 16.4 19.2
 Rarely (%) 30.1 30.1 31.5
 Never (%) 42.5 47.9 41.1

A Any ED included use of the labels 'bulimia nervosa', 'anorexia nervosa' or 'a binge eating disorder or problem'.

B Any mental health problem included use of the labels 'an anxiety disorder or problem', 'mental illness', 'depression' or 'low self-esteem or lack of self-worth'.

C This included items that were considered to have evidence for efficacy or recommended in treatment guidelines for BN: antidepressants, cognitive behavioural therapy, getting advice about diet or nutrition, GP, psychiatrist, psychologist.

Hart et al.

Hart et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:98   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-98

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