Subjective distress compared between four types of coercive interventions on the Coercion Experience Scale (CES). ¹Group 2 differs significantly from group 3 & group 4 on Separation. ² The mean values of VAS Global Strain were divided by 30 to stay in proportion with the rest of the scales. * The number of respondents varies in a range between: 44 and 46 (Group 1); 9 and 11 (Group 2); 8 and 9 (Group 4). ** Higher score indicates more psychological and physical burden.
Georgieva et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:54 doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-54